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Leaf growth and population dynamics of intertidal Zostera japonica on the western coast of Korea
Lee, S.Y.; Oh, J.H.; Choi, C.I.; Suh, Y.; Mukai, H. (2005). Leaf growth and population dynamics of intertidal Zostera japonica on the western coast of Korea. Aquat. Bot. 83(4): 263-280. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2005.07.004
In: Aquatic Botany. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0304-3770, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Biomass; Reproduction; Sea grass; Zostera (Zosterella) japonica Ascherson & Graebner, 1907 [WoRMS]; INW, Korea, Rep.; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Lee, S.Y.
  • Oh, J.H.
  • Choi, C.I.
  • Suh, Y.
  • Mukai, H.

Abstract
    Leaf production and population dynamics of Zostera japonica were examined at three elevations of an intertidal transect in Seungbongdo Island on the western coast of Korea. Morphometrics, shoot density, biomass, leaf production, reproductive effort and environmental factors were monitored from October 2001 to October 2002. Z. japonica grew well in the lower intertidal zone from 0.2 to 1.0 m above mean chart datum. The upper station (St. 1) exhibited a finer sediment grain size and richer organic content than the middle (St. 2) and lower stations (St. 3). The size of shoots and leaves was significantly greater at St. 1 than at St. 3, whereas the rhizome internodes were longer at St. 3. Despite differences in morphological characteristics among three stations, seagrass biomass and shoot density were not significantly different among study sites. Shoot density, biomass, morphometrics and leaf productivity exhibited clear seasonal variations, which varied along with seasonal changes of water and air temperature. Leaf productivity measured by the clip and reharvest method was highest in September (4.3 g DW m−2 d−1) and lowest in February (0.2 g DW m−2 d−1). Reproductive shoots rapidly increased to maximum density along with the high water temperature in July to September. In the intertidal zone, Z. japonica exhibited faster vegetative growth on muddy sand than on sand, probably due to the difference in nutrient supply. The seasonal changes of water and air temperature were considered to play an important role in the seasonal leaf growth of Z. japonica.

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