Arntz, W.E.; Brey, T.; Gallardo, V.A. (1994). Antarctic zoobenthos. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 32: 241-304
In: Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review. Aberdeen University Press/Allen & Unwin: London. ISSN 0078-3218, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Arntz, W.E.
- Brey, T.
- Gallardo, V.A.
Technical progress in recent years has extended Antarctic benthic research through more sensitive physiological techniques, more sophisticated and reliable measurements of environmental parameters, more efficient sampling gear, and a multitude of statistical and computer based methods. At the same time the high technical standard of modern ice-breaking research vessels has led to a revival of the original discovery phase by increasing access to remote areas under the packice and providing a platform for improved imaging techniques and sophisticated aquarium and experimental facilities. In recent years biodiversity studies, life cycle investigations, modern taxonomy, physiology and biochemistry have been combined to attempt to understand adaptive strategies of the benthic fauna, their functional role in the Antarctic ecosystem, and present zoogeographic patterns within the framework of evolutionary history.Based on recent literature (since 1985) on or related to Antarctic benthic research, but also considering major advances published earlier, an attempt is made to summarize the present stage of knowledge on:environmental conditions in the past and present; evolution and zoogeography; species richness and biodiversity; abundance and biomass; community dynamics and interactions; physiology and autecology; life history strategies, mainly reproduction, growth and productivity, of the Antarctic benthic fauna.Two additional sections deal with conservational and methodological aspects related to Antarctic benthic communities.Furthermore, future perspectives of benthic research in the Antarctic are considered, particularly against the background of global environmental changes and further advances in technology.