|The hot saline waters of the Red Sea bottom and their related sediments|
Riley, J.P. (1967). The hot saline waters of the Red Sea bottom and their related sediments. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 5: 141-157
In: Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review. Aberdeen University Press/Allen & Unwin: London. ISSN 0078-3218, more
Much interest has been aroused by the recent discovery of two basins containing hot highly saline water on the floor of the Red Sea. In one of these basins an iron-rich mineral assemblage containing appreciable amounts of metals such as zinc and copper is being deposited. A study of these deposits and the mechanism of their formation may provide a key to understanding the origins of the vast deposits of iron ore minerals which were formed in the marine environment in earlier geological periods, but which do not appear to be forming at the present time. It is the purpose of this article to summarize the data which have been obtained about this interesting region, and to review the theories which have been put forward to explain the origin of both the highly saline water and its associated sediments.