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|A proposed European strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM)|
Burbridge, P.R. (2001). A proposed European strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), in: Burnell, G.M. et al. (Ed.) Aquaculture and its role in integrated coastal zone management: handbook of contributions and extended abstracts presented at the International Workshop on "Aquaculture and its role in Integrated Coastal Zone Management" Oostende, Belgium, April 19-21, 2001. pp. 69-71
In: Burnell, G.M. et al. (Ed.) (2001). Aquaculture and its role in integrated coastal zone management: handbook of contributions and extended abstracts presented at the International Workshop on "Aquaculture and its role in Integrated Coastal Zone Management" Oostende, Belgium, April 19-21, 2001. European Aquaculture Society/Flanders Marine Institute: Oostende. 145 pp., more
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The EU has issued a Communication that announces a proposal to the European Parliament and Council for adoption of an EU Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Strategy. The Strategy is intended to outline and promote what needs to be done at the national level. The Communication goes on to list what will be done at the EU level. However this doesn't mean that the local and regional levels have been forgotten - in fact the Communication notes their key role in ICZM. The Proposed European Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) is based on the following proposed actions: (1) Promote ICZM Activity within Member States and at the "Regional Seas" Level; (2) Make EU Sectoral Legislation and Policies Compatible with ICZM; (3) Promote Dialogue Between European Coastal Stakeholders; (4) Develop Best Practice in ICZM; (5) Support the Generation of Factual Information and Knowledge about the Coastal; Zone; (6) Diffuse Information and Raise Public Awareness. ICZM Activity within Member States and at the "Regional Seas" Level would be supported through the follOwing measures: (1) A European Parliament and Council Recommendation to Member States to implement the principles if good coastal management and national ICZM Strategies; (2) Support for the application of the European Spatial Development Process, including integrated planning and management of terrestrial and near-shore marine environments; (3) EC support for ICZM initiatives in Member States; (4) Revisions to Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund to help address coastal management issues. Other measures to support ICZM Activity within Member States and at the "Regional Seas" Level would include: (1) In addition to opportunities presented in the INTERREG III and URBAN programmes, EC will provide opportunities to implement ICZM through a proposed LIFE III programme and implementation of the European Research Area; (2) Improving Links between fisheries/aquaculture and the ICZM process via new Financial Instrument for Fisheries Guidance; (3) Promotion of environmental protection and sustainable development in Tourism. Measures designed to make EU Sectoral Legislation and Policies Compatible with ICZM would include: (1) Strengthening the on-going process within services of the Commission to ensure sectoral policies are compatible with and enable integrated management of the EU coastal zone; (2) Commission will monitor the implementation of article 6 of the Habitats Directive (3) Promotion of short sea shipping, Strategic environmental assessment of EU Transport policy; (4)Review of Common Fishery policy will provide opportunity to promote sustainable and integrated management of coastal zones and habitats. EU Sectoral Legislation and Policies would be made more Compatible with ICZM through: (1) Priority to being given to adoption and implementation of the Water Framework Directive and links between terrestrial and marine management; (2) Integration of ICZM principles into the ongoing revision of Bathing Water Quality Directive; (3) Rural Development Policy; (4) Integrating measures to tackle Marine and Land based pollution; (5) Stronger measures to deal with Exotic Species introduced via Ballast Water; (6) Greater emphasis on effective use of EU legislation to promote integrated territorial planning and management. The EU would promote a stronger Dialogue between European Coastal Stakeholders through: (1) Establishing a European Stakeholder Forum. EC will initiate a dialogue with other EU institutions to determine how such a Forum could be constituted and coordinated. Measures to develop Best Practice in ICZM would include: (1) EC support for creation of a coastal zone practitioners' network; (2) Working toward adoption of a European Parliament and Council Decision on a Community framework to promote sustainable urban development. The coastal zone practitioners' network to be linked to networks of the Sustainable Cities and Towns Campaign. Measures to support the generation of factual information and knowledge about the Coastal Zone would include: (1) The Community Research Policy will promote research that meets coastal zone management needs; (2) Update of the CORINE Land Cover 2000 project to provide information on the evolution of land-based pressures in the coastal zones across Europe; (3) European Environment Agency will give special emphasis on completing the definition of indicators for the coastal zone; (4) Support for multi-disciplinary learning- LEONARDO, ESF. Measures to diffuse information and raise public awareness would include: (1) Targeted diffusion of research results from 4th and 5th Research Frameworks, ELOISE, LIFE and other programmes to coastal zone planners and managers (2) Development of a Strategic Framework to improve coordination of data and information developed by agencies and through projects (3)Promote rapid ratification and implementation of Aarhus convention to ensure European stakeholders have access to factual information necessary for informed participation in ICZM. The proposed Strategy does not aim to create a "separate" policy for coastal zones, but rather to find ways of introducing the principles of ICZM across the board into all of the relevant policies and programmes of the Community. This approach also explains why there is not a special "structural fund" or equivalent proposed for the coastal zones. The idea is to improve the design and application of all existing funding instruments. The Commission does not intend to "do" ICZM for all of Europe. They see their role as providing leadership and guidance. The Member States need to stimulate actions at the local, regional and national level. This will cost time and money, but the study of the socio-economic benefits that can be derived from ICZM indicates that it is in the interest of the Member States to invest in ICZM as the benefits far out weigh the costs.