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The influence of inherited geological framework upon a hardbottom-dominated shoreface on a high-energy shelf: Onslow Bay, North Carolina, USA
Cleary, W.J.; Riggs, S.R.; Marcy, D.C.; Snyder, S.W. (1996). The influence of inherited geological framework upon a hardbottom-dominated shoreface on a high-energy shelf: Onslow Bay, North Carolina, USA, in: De Batist, M. et al. (Ed.) Geology of siliciclastic shelf seas. pp. 249-266
In: De Batist, M.; Jacobs, P. (Ed.) (1996). Geology of siliciclastic shelf seas. Geological Society Special Publication, 117. The Geological Society (London): London, UK. ISBN 1-897799-67-5. 345 pp., more
In: Hartley, A.J. et al. (Ed.) Geological Society Special Publication. Geological Society of London: Oxford; London; Edinburgh; Boston, Mass.; Carlton, Vic.. ISSN 0305-8719, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Meteorology and Climatology [9237]

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Cleary, W.J.
  • Riggs, S.R.
  • Marcy, D.C.
  • Snyder, S.W.

Abstract
    The southeastem coast of North Carolina is a major tourist destination that has experienced rapid population growth resulting in increased revenues. Most development is sited on transgressive barriers and headland beaches located along chronic erosion zones. Beach replenishment is viewed as the only viable option for erosion mitigation. However, a detailed sand resource assessment is non-existent. Furthermore, few data exist on the interrelationships between the underlying geological framework and the morphology, sediments and evolution of the coastal system. The shoreface of the two constraining headlands of this sand-starved system in Onslow Bay was studied utilizing cores, remotely sensed data, and diver surveys. The (coquinadominated) subaerial headland at Fort Fisher and the (limestone) submarine headland at New River clearly have influenced the coastwise evolution of the intra-headland perched beaches. These shorefaces, as well as those of adjacent barriers, are characterized by hardbottoms of varying relief, morphology, and lithology. Prominent submarine scarps and karstic topographic highs that extend above the ravinement surface have resulted in major changes in barrier orientation and development of distinct subcompartments with respect to coastal processes. Holocene sea-level rise has produced a thin (70cm) variable sequence, deposited unconformably over bioeroded hardbottoms. Bioerosion represents a major source and supply of new sediment. The thin sediment veneer is a mosaic of remobilized graded palimpsest and residual shell-rich sand and gravels. Data reinforce the concept that a common equilibrium profile for all shorefaces is neither realistic nor adequate for an understanding of coastal processes in the study area.

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