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Non-target effects of the insecticide methoprene on molting in the estuarine crustacean Neomysis integer (Crustacea: Mysidacea)
Ghekiere, A.; Verslycke, T.; Fockedey, N.; Janssen, C.R. (2006). Non-target effects of the insecticide methoprene on molting in the estuarine crustacean Neomysis integer (Crustacea: Mysidacea). J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 332(2): 226-234. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2005.11.021
In: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0022-0981, more
Peer reviewed article

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Keywords
    Endocrine glands; Hormones; Juveniles; Methoprene; Moulting; Neomysis integer (Leach, 1814) [WoRMS]; Neomysis integer (Leach, 1814) [WoRMS]; Marine; Brackish water
Author keywords
    endocrine disruption; juvenile hormone analog; molting; methoprene; Neomysis integer

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Abstract
    Ecdysteroids, the molting hormones in crustaceans and other arthropods, play a crucial role in the control of growth, reproduction and embryogenesis of these organisms. Insecticides are often designed to target specific endocrine-regulated functions such as molting and larval development such as methoprene, a juvenile hormone analogue.
    The aim of this study was to examine the effects of methoprene on molting in a non-target species, the estuarine mysid Neomysis integer (Crustacea: Mysidacea). Mysids have been proposed as standard test organisms for evaluating the endocrine disruptive effect of chemicals. Juveniles (< 24 h) were exposed for 3 weeks to the nominal concentrations 0.01, 1 and 100 µg methoprene/l. Daily, present molts were checked and stored in 4% formaldehyde for subsequent growth measurements. Methoprene significantly delayed molting at 100 µg/l by decreasing the growth rate and increasing the intermolt period. This resulted in a decreased wet weight of the organism. The anti-ecdysteroidal properties of methoprene on mysid molting were also evaluated by determining the ability of exogenously administered 20-hydroxyecdysone, the active ecdysteroid in crustaceans, to protect against the observed methoprene effects. Co-exposure to 20-hydroxyecdysone did not mitigate methoprene effects on mysid molting. This study demonstrates the need for incorporating invertebrate-specific hormone-regulated endpoints in regulatory screening and testing programs for the detection of endocrine disruption caused by man-made chemicals.

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