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The extent of clonality and genetic diversity in the rare Caldesia grandis (Alismataceae): comparative results for RAPD and ISSR markers
Chen, J.-M.; Gituru, W.R.; Wang, Y.-H.; Wang, Q.-F. (2006). The extent of clonality and genetic diversity in the rare Caldesia grandis (Alismataceae): comparative results for RAPD and ISSR markers. Aquat. Bot. 84(4): 301-307.
In: Aquatic Botany. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0304-3770, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Genetic diversity; Fresh water

Authors  Top 
  • Chen, J.-M.
  • Gituru, W.R.
  • Wang, Y.-H.
  • Wang, Q.-F.

    Genetic variation and clonal diversity of three natural populations of the rare, highly clonal marsh herb Caldesia grandis Samuelsson were investigated using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Both of the markers worked effectively in clone identification of C. grandis. RAPD markers detected more diversity than ISSR markers in the three populations examined. Of the 60 RAPD primers screened, seven produced highly reproducible bands. Using these primers, a total of 61 DNA fragments were generated with 52 (85.25%) being polymorphic indicating considerable genetic variation at the species level. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) showed that a large proportion of genetic variation (81.5%) resided within populations, while only a small proportion (18.5%) resided among populations. With the use of 52 polymorphic RAPD markers, we were able to identify 127 genets among 342 samples from three populations. The proportion of distinguishable genets (PD: mean 0.37), Simpson's diversity index (D: mean 0.91), and evenness (E: mean 0.78) exhibited high levels of clonal diversity compared to other clonal plants. These results imply that sexual reproduction has played an important role at some time during the history of these populations. Nevertheless, the high level of diversity could have been also partially generated from somatic mutations, although this is unlikely to account for the high diversity generally found among C. grandis genets.

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