|The alternating recruitment pattern in Ensis minor, an exploited bivalve in the Gulf of Trieste, Italy|
Del Piero, D.; Dacaprile, R. (1998). The alternating recruitment pattern in Ensis minor, an exploited bivalve in the Gulf of Trieste, Italy. Hydrobiologia 375-376: 67-72
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158, more
|Also published as |
- Del Piero, D.; Dacaprile, R. (1998). The alternating recruitment pattern in Ensis minor, an exploited bivalve in the Gulf of Trieste, Italy, in: Baden, S. et al. (Ed.) Recruitment, Colonization, and Physical-Chemical Forcing in Marine Biological Systems: Proceedings of the 32nd European Marine Biology Symposium, held in Lysekil, Sweden, 16-22 August 1997. Developments in Hydrobiology, 132: pp. 67-72, more
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|Document type: Conference paper|
Commercial species; Ecosystem disturbance; Harvesting machines; Overfishing; Population dynamics; Recruitment; Ensis minor (Chenu, 1843) [WoRMS]; MED, Italy [Marine Regions]; MED, Trieste Gulf [Marine Regions]; Marine
|Authors|| || Top |
- Del Piero, D.
- Dacaprile, R.
E. minor is a shallow water razor clam, actively exploited by hydraulic dredges on the sandy bottom between 2.5 and 4 m depth. The fishing season lasts 6 month, from October to March. Despite of the heavy exploitation exerted in the previous years the resource exhibited dramatic recovery in 1983, 1988 and 1993 mainly due to an exceptional recruitment, that sustained the fishing activity for 2 y after the settlement. In the recruitment years the catches are normally low, but increase dramatically the following year, when little settlement occurs, probably because of space and resources competition. The last one is also reflected in the lower growth rate of the recruits when abundant settlement occurs. Two years later, when the 2+ cohort is nearly extinct and the 1+ age class is not very abundant (as stated above), the new settlement can take place and the cycle restarts. The amount of the recruitment is not predictable, but every five years very abundant age classes were observed. Apparently this process started in 83, after heavy depletion and at least two recruitment failures. The population structure was completely modified, with 0+ class absolutely dominant and the absence of the older individuals, at least in the more exploited areas, where the young-of-the-year were specially abundant. The fishery activity have been assumed to be partially involved in the maintenance of the cyclic pattern. However, by examining the data from the early seventies, preceding the full development of mechanical harvesting, it seems that this species naturally adopts alternative patterns in recruitment, as other molluscs appear to do. This phenomenon is amplified by the exploitation.