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Recolonization dynamics in areas disturbed by bottom fishing gears
Pranovi, F.; Giovanardi, O.; Franceschini, G. (1998). Recolonization dynamics in areas disturbed by bottom fishing gears. Hydrobiologia 375-376: 125-135
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Pranovi, F.; Giovanardi, O.; Franceschini, G. (1998). Recolonization dynamics in areas disturbed by bottom fishing gears, in: Baden, S. et al. (Ed.) Recruitment, Colonization, and Physical-Chemical Forcing in Marine Biological Systems: Proceedings of the 32nd European Marine Biology Symposium, held in Lysekil, Sweden, 16-22 August 1997. Developments in Hydrobiology, 132: pp. 125-135, more

Available in  Authors 
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Colonization; Ecosystem disturbance; Environmental impact; Fishing gear; Perturbations; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Pranovi, F., more
  • Giovanardi, O.
  • Franceschini, G.

Abstract
    Results of two investigations on the effects of disturbance on benthic communities in lagoon and coastal areas, caused by bottom fishing-gears (lsquohydraulic dredgersquo for clams and lsquorapidorsquo, a kind of beam-trawl for soles and scallops employed in the Northern Adriatic sea), are given. Such gears, although characterised by different features and targets, have similar effects on the sea bottom: both produce deep furrows (7–13 cm for the lsquorapidorsquo, up to 20 cm for the lsquohydraulic dredgersquo), thus affecting the texture of the bottom. In 1992 (rsquohydraulic dredgelsquo) and in 1995 (lsquorapidorsquo) two different research projects were carried out; samples of benthos were collected immediately after the passage of the gears and at fortnightly-intervals, in treated and control areas. This allowed study of the modifications of the macrobenthic communities and investigation of the short and medium-term (dredge: 60 days, lsquorapidorsquo: 15 days) progression of the recolonization processes in the disturbed areas. These dynamics have been analysed by giving emphasis to the species and to their time-space fluctuations. It has been found that characteristically lsquonon-opportunisticrsquo species can assume an opportunistic behaviour during the initial phase of the recolonization processes of the disturbed areas.

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