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Veranderingen in traditionele en commerciële mens-ecosysteemrelaties in de mangrovebaai van Gazi (Kenia): etnobiologie, percepties van de lokale gemeenschap en ecotoeristische activiteiten = Changes in traditional and commercial human-ecosystem relations in the mangrove bay of Gazi (Kenya): ethnobiology, perceptions of the local community and ecotouristic activities
Van Tendeloo, A. (2004). Veranderingen in traditionele en commerciële mens-ecosysteemrelaties in de mangrovebaai van Gazi (Kenia): etnobiologie, percepties van de lokale gemeenschap en ecotoeristische activiteiten = Changes in traditional and commercial human-ecosystem relations in the mangrove bay of Gazi (Kenya): ethnobiology, perceptions of the local community and ecotouristic activities. MSc Thesis. Vrije Universiteit Brussel: Brussel. 160 pp.

Also published as
  • Van Tendeloo, A. (2005). Veranderingen in traditionele en commerciële mens-ecosysteemrelaties in de mangrovebaai van Gazi (Kenia): etnobiologie, percepties van de lokale gemeenschap en ecotoeristische activiteiten = Changes in traditional and commercial human-ecosystem relations in the mangrove bay of Gazi (Kenya): ethnobiology, perceptions of the local community and ecotouristic activities, in: Mees, J. et al. (Ed.) (2005). VLIZ Young Scientists' Day, Brugge, Belgium 25 February 2005: book of abstracts. VLIZ Special Publication, 20: pp. 107-108, more

Thesis info:
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel; Faculteit Wetenschappen & Bio-ingenieurswetenschappen; Vakgroep Biologie; Laboratorium voor Algemene Plantkunde en Natuurbeheer (APNA), more

Available in Author 
  • VLIZ: Archive VLIZ ARCHIVE A.THES23 [98630]
  • VLIZ: Non-open access 230410
Document type: Dissertation

Keywords
    Ethnobotany; ISW, Kenya, Gazi Bay [gazetteer]; Marine
Author keywords
    ethno-ecology, ethnozoology

Author  Top 
  • Van Tendeloo, A.

Abstract
    Through the use of oral interviewing techniques and questionnaires that needed to be filled out, research was done in 3 Kenyan coastal villages (Gazi, Makongeni and Msambweni). The research focused on the local use of the mangroves (ethnobotany), the perception of the locals towards the changes in the environment (ethno-ecology) and on local fishing methods (ethnozoology). The ethnobotanical research showed that the local community is dependent on the mangroves. The mangroves are mainly used for construction purposes and firewood (especially Rhizophora mucronata and Ceriops tagal). Some chemical and medicinal uses were also found but in general the local community preferred to consult a regular doctor instead of using these traditional methods. Changes in the environment were noticed by the local community. The change in the mangrove area (a significant decrease) as was found by Dandouh-Guebas (2004) was also noticed by the locals. Information about the dynamics of vegetation which were obtained in this research will be used in a broad research about spatio-temporal changes. Other remarks from the local community included the reduction of mangrove-fauna, the rising of the sea level and the climatologic changes. The mangrove management was a total ban on mangrove cutting. This research shows that the local community does not support this measure and that therefore it is not consequently lived by. Alternative options for the conservation of the mangrove are a local awareness program and the start of the eco-tourist project which is planned (this can lead to an alternative source of income for the region). The local community is very positively biased towards this tourism project. The last part of this research project focused on ethnozoology. The local fishermen have noticed a decrease in the total amount of fish caught. Besides this they also situated their main fishing spots (which coincided with the places which had located in former research) and furthermore they made links between specific mangrove trees and the different species of fish that could be found near those trees.

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