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The physiology of the larva of the Chilean oyster Ostrea chilensis and the utilisation of biochemical energy reserves during development: an extreme case of the brooding habit
Chaparro, O.R.; Navarrete, L.R.; Thompson, R.J. (2006). The physiology of the larva of the Chilean oyster Ostrea chilensis and the utilisation of biochemical energy reserves during development: an extreme case of the brooding habit. J. Sea Res. 55(4): 292-300
In: Journal of Sea Research. Elsevier/Netherlands Institute for Sea Research: Amsterdam; Den Burg. ISSN 1385-1101, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Brood care; Energy; Excretion; Larval development; Oxygen; Physiology; Ostrea chilensis Philippi, 1844 [WoRMS]; PSW, Chile, Chiloe I.; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Chaparro, O.R.
  • Navarrete, L.R.
  • Thompson, R.J.

Abstract
    In the oyster Ostrea chilensis the adult female broods the young for almost the entire developmental period, releasing a large pediveliger larva (450 μm shell length) with an extremely short pelagic phase. In this study of the larval physiology, the dry weight of the embryo or larva remained constant during the early developmental stages (as far as, and including, the trochophore), but the veliger grew steadily to reach 8 μg at 450 μm shell length, the stage at which it was ready for release. During this growth period the veliger consumed metabolic reserves (62% protein and 38% lipid). Carbohydrate levels were negligible. Chilean oyster veligers larger than 275 μm shell length were able to remove particles from suspension, but clearance rate (2 μl h-1 larva-1 at 450 μm shell length) was much lower than published values for planktotrophic veligers. Low clearance rate in the veliger of O. chilensis is probably attributable to the absence of the postoral ciliary band. Oxygen uptake increased from 19-22 nl O2 h-1 ind-1 for pre-veliger stages to 32 nl O2 h-1 ind-1 for a veliger 450 μm long, which is consistent with published values for veligers in general when corrected for body weight. Excretion rate was low, increasing from 0.04 ng NH4-N h-1 larva-1 in the trochophore to 0.13 ng NH4--N h-1 larva-1 in a pediveliger of shell length 450 μm. Biochemical energy reserves were insufficient to meet the metabolic demands of the developing larva, suggesting that uptake of particles and/or dissolved organic matter from the mantle cavity of the female is necessary for successful development.

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