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Marine protected area design patterns in the Mediterranean Sea: Implications for conservation
Rodríguez-Rodríguez, D.; Rodríguez, J.; Blanco, J.M.; Abdul Malak, D. (2016). Marine protected area design patterns in the Mediterranean Sea: Implications for conservation. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 110(1): 335-342. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.06.044
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. Macmillan: London. ISSN 0025-326X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Geographic distribution; Spacing; Size; Shape; Marine protected area; Mediterranean Sea

Authors  Top 
  • Rodríguez-Rodríguez, D.
  • Rodríguez, J.
  • Blanco, J.M.
  • Abdul Malak, D.

Abstract
    Mediterranean marine protected area (MPA) design patterns regarding geographic distribution, size, spacing and shape were analysed as a proxy of the region's MPA's ecological effectiveness and a first step towards an ecologically coherent MPA network.Results for legally designated MPAs and ecologically functional MPAs accounting for overlaps are presented. Geographically, Mediterranean MPA area is very unevenly distributed, with four-fifths concentrated in just three countries of the north-western part of the basin. Average distance between functional MPAs lies within recommended ecological thresholds, which suggests adequate potential connectivity of the Mediterranean MPA system. Mediterranean designated MPAs are larger than MPAs worldwide on average, although they are generally smaller than international guidance suggests at different levels: ecoregion, country and designation category. On average, Mediterranean designated and functional MPAs have relatively high compactness, which makes them prone to spillover and adequate viability, and less vulnerable to edge effects.

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