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|The French policy experience of purchasing coastal areas|
|Dubaille, E. (2005). The French policy experience of purchasing coastal areas, in: Herrier, J.-L. et al. (Ed.) (2005). Proceedings 'Dunes and Estuaries 2005': International Conference on nature restoration practices in European coastal habitats, Koksijde, Belgium 19-23 September 2005. VLIZ Special Publication, 19: pp. 69-76|
|In: Herrier, J.-L. et al. (Ed.) (2005). Proceedings 'Dunes and Estuaries 2005': International Conference on nature restoration practices in European coastal habitats, Koksijde, Belgium 19-23 September 2005. VLIZ Special Publication, 19. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. XIV, 685 pp., meer|
|In: VLIZ Special Publication.. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. ISSN 1377-0950, meer|
Land acquisition; Land acquisition; ANE, France [gazetteer]; Marien
Created in 1975 by the French Government, the Conservatoire du Littoral is responsible for:
-the acquisition and the protection in perpetuity of the most sensitive and endangered coastal land:
-along the coast of metropolitan France and overseas territories
-around lakes larger than 1,000ha
-the management by local government of the lands acquired in order to open them to public access and to ensure the protection of natural values.
Over the years, the Conservatoire has defined three main criterias for selecting land for acquisition:
-the site is threatened by urbanisation, being divided up or being made artificial (for example, the infilling of wetlands);
-the site is deteriorated and needs rapid restoration;
-the site is closed to the public whereas it should be open to everyone.
Since 1975 the Conservatoire du littoral owned 70,500ha in France (3,200ha in Nord-Pas-de-Calais), protected more than 860km of coast (37km in Nord-Pas-de-Calais), i.e. 10% of the metropolitan coast (25% in Nord-Pas-de-Calais). With the application of a new legal act (27/02/02) the Conservatoire du Littoral became one of the French government tools for ICZM with new competences on maritime properties.