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Millennial‐Scale Climate Variability and Dinoflagellate‐Cyst‐Based Seasonality Changes Over the Last ~150 kyrs at “Shackleton Site” U1385
Datema, M.; Sangiorgi, F.; de Vernal, A.; Reichart, G.-J.; Lourens, L.J.; Sluijs, A. (2019). Millennial‐Scale Climate Variability and Dinoflagellate‐Cyst‐Based Seasonality Changes Over the Last ~150 kyrs at “Shackleton Site” U1385. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 34(7): 1139-1156. https://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018pa003497
In: Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology. American Geophysical Union: Washington DC. ISSN 2572-4525; e-ISSN 2572-4525, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Datema, M.
  • Sangiorgi, F.
  • de Vernal, A.
  • Reichart, G.-J., meer
  • Lourens, L.J.
  • Sluijs, A.

Abstract
    During the last glacial period, climate conditions in the North Atlantic region were determined by the alternation of relatively warm interstadials and relatively cool stadials, with superimposed rapid warming (Dansgaard‐Oeschger) and cooling (Heinrich) events. So far little is known about the impact of these rapid climate shifts on the seasonal variations in sea surface temperature (SST) within the North Atlantic region. Here, we present a high‐resolution seasonal SST record for the past 152 kyrs derived from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program “Shackleton” Site U1385, offshore Portugal. Assemblage counts of dinoflagellates cysts (dinocysts) in combination with a modern analog technique (MAT), and regression analyses were used for the reconstructions. We compare our records with previously published SST records from the same location obtained from the application of MAT on planktonic foraminifera. Our dinocyst‐based reconstructions confirm the impression of the Greenland stadials and interstadials offshore the Portuguese margin and indicate increased seasonal contrast of temperature during the cold periods of the glacial cycle (average 9.0 °C, maximum 12.2 °C) with respect to present day (5.1 °C), due to strong winter cooling by up to 8.3 °C. Our seasonal temperature reconstructions are in line with previously published data, which showed increased seasonality due to strong winter cooling during the Younger Dryas and the Last Glacial Maximum over the European continent and North Atlantic region. In addition, we show that over longer time scales, increased seasonal contrasts of temperature remained characteristic of the colder phases of the glacial cycle.

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