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21 years of shelf life between discovery and description of new species
Fontaine, B.; Perrard, A.; Bouchet, P. (2012). 21 years of shelf life between discovery and description of new species. Curr. Biol. 22(22): R943-R944. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.cub.2012.10.029
In: Current Biology. Cell Press: London. ISSN 0960-9822; e-ISSN 1879-0445, meer
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  • Fontaine, B.
  • Perrard, A.
  • Bouchet, P., meer

Abstract
    A large part of biodiversity is still unknown, and it is estimated that, at the current pace, it will take several centuries to describe all species living on Earth. In the context of the ongoing ‘sixth extinction’, accelerating the completion of the inventory of living biota is an issue that reaches far beyond the taxonomic community. However, the factors that influence the accretion of known species remain poorly understood. Here, we study how long it takes from the first collection of a specimen of a new species to its formal description and naming in the scientific literature 1 and 2 — a period we refer to as a species’ ‘shelf life’. Based on a random set of species described in 2007 across all kingdoms of life, we determine that the average shelf life between discovery and description is 21 years. The length of the shelf life is impacted by biological, social and geopolitical biases.

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