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Fingerprinting Northeast Atlantic water masses using neodymium isotopes
Dubois-Dauphin, Q.; Colin, C.; Bonneau, L.; Montagna, P.; Wu, Q.; Van Rooij, D.; Reverdin, G.; Douville, E.; Thil, F.; Waldner, A.; Frank, N. (2017). Fingerprinting Northeast Atlantic water masses using neodymium isotopes. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 210: 267-288. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.gca.2017.04.002
In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. Elsevier: Oxford,New York etc.. ISSN 0016-7037; e-ISSN 1872-9533, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Trefwoord
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Author keywords
    Nd isotopic composition; Seawater; Hydrology; Gyre circulation;Northeast Atlantic; Alboran Sea; Gulf of Cadiz

Auteurs  Top 
  • Dubois-Dauphin, Q.
  • Colin, C.
  • Bonneau, L.
  • Montagna, P.
  • Wu, Q.
  • Van Rooij, D., meer
  • Reverdin, G.
  • Douville, E.
  • Thil, F.
  • Waldner, A.
  • Frank, N.

Abstract
    Dissolved neodymium (Nd) isotopic composition (expressed as epsilon Nd) has been analysed for 82 seawater samples collected from 13 stations stretching from the Alboran Sea to the Iceland Basin. The distribution of the eNd values of water masses was thus investigated for the first time along the western European margin in order to explore whether the water masses flowing in the eastern subpolar and subtropical Atlantic reveal distinct isotopic patterns. The Modified Atlantic Water (MAW) in the Alboran Sea displays eNd values (between 9.2 +/- 0.2 and 8.9 +/- 0.2) that are significantly more radiogenic than those reported in previous studies (-10.8 +/- 0.2 to - 9.7 +/- 0.2), suggesting temporal variations in the Nd isotopic composition of the water that enters the Mediterranean Sea from the Strait of Gibraltar. The eNd value of the underlying modified Winter Intermediate Water (WIW) has been established for the first time (-9.8 +/- 0.3) and is compatible with a Nd signature acquired from the sinking of MAW in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Within the Gulf of Cadiz, southern Mediterranean Sea Water (MSW) (-10.6 +/- 0.2) differs slightly from the northern MSW (-9.9 +/- 0.4) owing to a significant contribution of modified East Antarctic Intermediate Water (EAAIW) (-10.9 +/- 0.2). In the northeast Atlantic, the North Atlantic Current surface water located in the inter-gyre region ( north of 46 degrees N) displays eNd values of between -14.0 +/- 0.3 and -15.1 +/- 0.3, reflecting the subpolar gyre signature. Along the western European margin, eNd values of surface water decrease toward the north (from -10.4 +/- 1.6 to - 13.7 +/- 1.0) in agreement with the gradual mixing between subtropical and subpolar water. At intermediate depth, eNd values decrease from - 9.9 +/- 0.4 within the Gulf of Cadiz to - 12.1 +/- 0.2 within the Porcupine Seabight, indicating a strong dilution of the MSW with subpolar water. Within the Rockall Trough and the Iceland Basin, the more negative eNd values at mid-depth (< -13.5 +/- 0.3) indicate that the MSW has no influence, even during periods of low NAO index. Water masses deeper than 1200 m in the northeast Atlantic are clearly influenced by the less radiogenic Labrador Sea Water (LSW) (epsilon Nd between -13.4 +/- 0.3 and - 14.0 +/- 0.3) that mixes locally in the Iceland basin with the Iceland-Scotland Overflow Water (ISOW) (between - 10.3 +/- 0.2 and - 11.3 +/- 0.3).

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