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The role of oxygen in the vertical distribution of nematodes: an experimental approach
Steyaert, M.; Vandewiele, S.; Vanaverbeke, J.; Moodley, L.; Vincx, M. (2002). The role of oxygen in the vertical distribution of nematodes: an experimental approach, in: ECSA Local Meeting: ecological structures and functions in the Scheldt Estuary: from past to future, Antwerp, Belgium October 7-10, 2002: abstract book. pp. 59
In: (2002). ECSA Local Meeting: ecological structures and functions in the Scheldt Estuary: from past to future, Antwerp, Belgium October 7-10, 2002: abstract book. University of Antwerp: Antwerp. 73 + 1 cd-rom pp., meer

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Documenttype: Samenvatting

Trefwoorden
    Aquatic organisms > Estuarine organisms
    Chemical elements > Nonmetals > Atmospheric gases > Oxygen
    Distribution > Geographical distribution > Vertical distribution
    Environments > Aquatic environment > Marine environment > Intertidal environment
    Sediments
    Daptonema Cobb, 1920 [WoRMS]; Nematoda [WoRMS]
    ANE, Nederland, Oosterschelde [Marine Regions]

Auteurs  Top 
  • Steyaert, M., meer
  • Vandewiele, S., meer
  • Vanaverbeke, J., meer

Abstract
    The role of oxygen in the vertical distribution of nematodes was investigated by means of an experiment in which different oxygen conditions were imposed on sediment from an intertidal area of the Oosterschelde (The Netherlands). To test our hypothesis that the vertical distribution of the nematode assemblages was not influenced by changing oxygen conditions (e.g. nematodes do not migrate to favourable oxygen conditions), 5 cm sediment was inversed and incubated for 5 days at the lab. In a first treatment, food (diatoms) was added to the bottom; in a second treatment oxygen and food were added to the bottom. For each case and a control treatment, fresh, well-aerated Oosterschelde water was added on top of the sediment. The analysis of the field situation showed that nematodes were the most abundant taxon. Highest densities were observed in the subsurface sediment layer (1-2 cm). The lower abundance in the oxygen and algae-rich superficial layer (0-0.5 cm) could be due to the time of sampling relative to the tides or to biotic factors (e.g. macrofaunal activity). The vertical distribution of the nematode assemblages in the experimental and control treatments proved to be significantly different. An obvious segregation existed between the nematode species assemblage from the superficial (0-0.2cm) and the deeper layers (0.2-1 cm and 4-5 cm). Characterising genera for the superficial sediment layers were Daptonema, Ptycholaimellus, Prochromadorella and Microlaimus; for the deeper layers Terschellingia and Microlaimus. The occurrence of the first species assemblage is determined by the presence of free oxygen. The second species assemblage is adapted to the reduced sediment; nevertheless, artificial addition of limited amounts of oxygen to the deeper sediment layers favoured the assemblage as higher abundances were recorded. In general, oxygen seems to be important in determining the vertical distribution of nematodes in this experiment.

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