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Leeuwenhoekiella aestuarii sp. nov., isolated from salt-water sediment and first insights in the genomes of Leeuwenhoekiella species
Tahon, G.; Lebbe, L.; De Troch, M.; Sabbe, K.; Willems, A. (2020). Leeuwenhoekiella aestuarii sp. nov., isolated from salt-water sediment and first insights in the genomes of Leeuwenhoekiella species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 70(3): 1706-1719. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1099/ijsem.0.003959
In: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. Society for General Microbiology: Reading. ISSN 1466-5026; e-ISSN 1466-5034, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Trefwoord
    Marien
Author keywords
    Leeuwenhoekiella, intertidal sediment and diatom

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Abstract
    Four Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and yellow-orange pigmented bacteria (R-46770, R-48165T, R-50232 and R-50233) were isolated from intertidal sediment and water of the Westerschelde estuary between 2006 and 2012. Analysis of their 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the four strains form a separate cluster between validly described type strains of the genus Leeuwenhoekiella. DNA–DNA reassociation values of two representative strains (i.e. R-48165T and R-50232) of the new group with type strains of Leeuwenhoekiella species ranged from 18.7 to 56.6 %. A comparative genome analysis of the two strains and the type strains confirmed average nucleotide identity values from 75.6 to 94.4 %. The G+C contents of the genomic DNA of strains R-48165T and R-50232 were 37.80 and 37.83 mol%, respectively. The predominant cellular fatty acids of the four novel strains were summed feature 3 (i.e. C16:1ω7c and/or iso-C 15:0 2-OH), iso-C 15:0, iso-C 15:1 G and iso-C 17:0 3-OH. The four new Leeuwenhoekiella-like strains grew with 0.5–12 % (w/v) NaCl, at pH 5.5–9.0 and displayed optimum growth between 20 and 30 °C. Based on the results of phenotypic, genomic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses, the four new strains represent a novel species of the genus Leeuwenhoekiella for which the name Leeuwenhoekiella aestuarii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LMG 30908T (=R-48165T=CECT 9775T=DSM 107866T). Genome analysis of type strains of the genus Leeuwenhoekiella revealed a large number of glycosyl hydrolases, peptidases and carboxyl esterases per Mb, whereas the number of transporters per Mb was low compared to other bacteria. This confirmed the environmental role of Leeuwenhoekiella species as (bio) polymer degraders, with a specialization on degrading proteins and high molecular weight compounds. Additionally, the presence of a large number of genes involved in gliding motility and surface adhesion, and large numbers of glycosyl transferases per Mb confirmed the importance of these features for Leeuwenhoekiella species.

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