|Floating seaweed and the influences of temperature, grazing and clump size on raft longevity: a microcosm study|Vandendriessche, S.; Vincx, M.; Degraer, S. (2007). Floating seaweed and the influences of temperature, grazing and clump size on raft longevity: a microcosm study. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 343(1): 64-73. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2006.11.010
In: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. Elsevier: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; Lausanne; Shannon; Amsterdam. ISSN 0022-0981, meer
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- Vandendriessche, S.; Vincx, M.; Degraer, S. (2007). Floating seaweed and the influences of temperature, grazing and clump size on raft longevity: a microcosm study, in: Vandendriessche, S. (2007). Drijvend zeewier als efemeer neustonisch habitat = Floating seaweed as ephemeral neustonic habitat. pp. 99-112, meer
Begrazing; Drijvend; Temperatuur; Zeewieren; Ascophyllum nodosum (Linnaeus) Le Jolis, 1863 [WoRMS]; Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus, 1753 [WoRMS]; Idotea balthica (Pallas, 1772) [WoRMS]; Marien
floating seaweed; grazing; North Sea; temperature
Laboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate the longevity, and consequently also the rafting capacity of the brown seaweeds Fucus vesiculosus and Ascophyllum nodosum. The seaweed degradation process and the activity of the grazer Idotea baltica were strongly influenced by temperature: only at 5 °C, the seaweed growth exceeded the weight loss. At higher temperatures, seaweed fragments sank quickly (within 100 days at temperatures higher than 15 °C). This process was significantly accelerated in the presence of I. baltica, resulting in a decrease of raft longevity of 60-70%. At a constant temperature of 15 °C and in the absence of grazers, fragments of A. nodosum floated longer (mean 45 weeks) than fragments of F. vesiculosus (mean 15 weeks). The results indicate that floating seaweeds have the potential to stay afloat for a long time, but that their longevity is temperature-dependent and can be strongly reduced by grazing activity of associated herbivores.