|Experimental evidence for spatial self-organization and its emergent effects in mussel bed ecosystems|
van de Koppel, J.; Gascoigne, J.C.; Theraulaz, G.; Rietkerk, M.; Mooij, W.M.; Herman, P.M.J. (2008). Experimental evidence for spatial self-organization and its emergent effects in mussel bed ecosystems. Science (Wash.) 322(5902): 739-742
In: Science (Washington). American Association for the Advancement of Science: Washington DC. ISSN 0036-8075, meer
Beweging; Biomassa; Controlled conditions; Densiteit; Ecosystemen; Gedrag; Groei; Laboratory rearing; Mosselcultuur; Overleving; Wadden; Slikken; Zeebedding; Zeebodem; ANE, British Isles, Wales, Gwynedd, Menai Strait [gazetteer]; Marien
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- van de Koppel, J., meer
- Gascoigne, J.C.
- Theraulaz, G.
- Rietkerk, M.
- Mooij, W.M., meer
- Herman, P.M.J., meer
Spatial self-organization is the main theoretical explanation for the global occurrence of regular or otherwise coherent spatial patterns in ecosystems. Using mussel beds as a model ecosystem, we provide an experimental demonstration of spatial self-organization. Under homogeneous laboratory conditions, mussels developed regular patterns, similar to those in the field. An individual-based model derived from our experiments showed that interactions between individuals explained the observed patterns. Furthermore, a field study showed that pattern formation affected ecosystem-level processes in terms of improved growth and resistance to wave action. Our results imply that spatial self-organization is an important determinant of the structure and functioning of ecosystems, and it needs to be considered in their conservation.