|Atmospheric nitrogen fluxes at the Belgian coast: 2004-2006|Bencs, L.; Krata, A.; Horemans, B.; Buczynska, A.J.; Dirtu, A.C.; Godoi, A.F.L.; Godoi, R.H.M.; Potgieter-Vermaak, S.; Van Grieken, R. (2009). Atmospheric nitrogen fluxes at the Belgian coast: 2004-2006. Atmos. Environ. (1994) 43(24): 3786-3798. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.04.002
In: Atmospheric Environment (1994). Pergamon: Oxford. ISSN 1352-2310, meer
Aerosols; Eutrophication; Gases; Inorganic compounds; Kusten; Nitrogen compounds; Opgelost organisch koolstof; Seizoenale variaties; ANE, België, Belgische kust [gazetteer]; ANE, North Sea [gazetteer]; Marien
Gaseous; Aerosol; Wet nitrogen flux; Atmospheric deposition; InorganicN-nutrients; Dissolved organic nitrogen; Coastal eutrophication; NorthSea
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- Bencs, L., meer
- Krata, A., meer
- Horemans, B., meer
- Buczynska, A.J., meer
- Dirtu, A.C., meer
- Godoi, A.F.L., meer
- Godoi, R.H.M., meer
- Potgieter-Vermaak, S., meer
- Van Grieken, R., meer
Daily and seasonal variations in dry and wet atmospheric nitrogen fluxes have been studied during four campaigns between 2004 and 2006 at a coastal site of the Southern North Sea at De Haan (Belgium) located at coordinates of 51.1723° N and 3.0369°; E. Concentrations of inorganic N-compounds were determined in the gaseous phase, size-segregated aerosol (coarse, medium, and fine), and rainwater samples. Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) was quantified in rainwater. The daily variations in N-fluxes of compounds were evaluated with air-mass backward trajectories, classified into the main air-masses arriving at the sampling site (i.e., continental, North Sea, and Atlantic/UK/Channel).
The three, non-episodic campaigns showed broadly consistent fluxes, but during the late summer campaign exceptionally high episodic N-deposition was observed. The average dry and wet fluxes for non-episodic campaigns amounted to 2.6 and4.0mg N m-2 d-1, respectively, whereas during the episodic late summer period these fluxes were as high as 5.2 and 6.2mg N m-2 d-1, respectively. Non-episodic seasons/campaigns experienced average aerosol fluxes of 0.9-1.4 mg N m d-1. Generally, the contribution of aerosol NH4+ was more significant in the medium and fine particulate fractions than that of aerosol NO3-, whereas the latter contributed more in the coarse fraction, especially in continental air-masses. During the dry mid-summer campaign, the DON contributed considerably (~15%) to the total N-budget.
Exceptionally high episodic aerosol-N inputs have been observed for the late summer campaign, with especially high deposition rates of 3.6 and 2.9 mg N m-2 d-1 for Atlantic/UK/Channel and North Sea-continental (mixed) air-masses, respectively. During this pollution episode, the flux of NH4+ was dominating in each aerosol fraction/air-mass, except for coarse continental aerosols. High deposition of gaseous-N was also observed in this campaign with an average total N-flux of 2-2.5-times higher than in other campaigns.