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Occurrence of anthropogenic and naturally-produced organohalogenated compounds in tissues of Black Sea harbour porpoises
Weijs, L.; Das, K.; Neels, H.; Blust, R.; Covaci, A. (2010). Occurrence of anthropogenic and naturally-produced organohalogenated compounds in tissues of Black Sea harbour porpoises. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 60(5): 725-731. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.11.022
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. Macmillan: Oxford. ISSN 0025-326X, meer
Peer reviewed article

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Trefwoorden
    Animal tissues; Anthropogenic effects; Cetacea; PCB; Porpoises; Tissues; Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; MED, Zwarte Zee [gazetteer]; Marien
Author keywords
    Harbour porpoise; Black Sea; Anthropogenic compounds; Naturally-produced compounds; Tissue distribution

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Abstract
    Harbour porpoises are one of the three cetacean species inhabiting the Black Sea. This is the first study to report on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and naturally-produced compounds, methoxylated PBDEs (MeO-PBDEs) and polybrominated hexahydroxanthene derivatives (PBHDs), in tissues (kidney, brain, blubber, liver, muscle) of male harbour porpoises (11 adults, 9 juveniles) from the Black Sea. Lipid-normalized concentrations decreased from muscle > blubber > liver > kidney > brain for the sum of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and for the sum of PBDEs. Among the naturally-produced compounds, levels of PBHDs were higher than of MeO-PBDEs, with tri-BHD and 6-MeO-BDE 47 being the dominant compounds for both groups, respectively. Concentrations of naturally-produced compounds decreased from blubber to brain, similarly to the sum of DDT and metabolites (DDXs). Concentrations of DDXs were highest, followed by PCBs, HCB, PBHDs, PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs. Levels of PCBs and PBDEs in blubber were lower than concentrations reported for harbour porpoises from the North Sea, while concentrations of DDXs were higher.

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