|Geochemistry of suspended matter from the Baltic Sea: 2. Results of bulk trace metal analysis by AAS|
Brügmann, L.; Bernard, P.C.; Van Grieken, R. (1992). Geochemistry of suspended matter from the Baltic Sea: 2. Results of bulk trace metal analysis by AAS. Mar. Chem. 38: 303-323
In: Marine Chemistry. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0304-4203, meer
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- Brügmann, L.; Bernard, P.C.; Van Grieken, R. (1992). Geochemistry of suspended matter from the Baltic Sea: 2. Results of bulk trace metal analysis by AAS, in: (1992). IZWO Coll. Rep. 22(1992). IZWO Collected Reprints, 22: pp. chapter 3, meer
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- Brügmann, L.
- Bernard, P.C.
- Van Grieken, R., meer
In 1984, on a transect covering the whole Baltic Sea and parts of the adjacent North Sea, 160 water samples were taken and analysed for their concentrations of particulate and dissolved metals. In addition, the suspended materials were investigated for their elemental bulk composition.
The particulate fractions represented from about 5% (Cd, Cu and Ni) to 50% (Fe and Pb) of the total (particulate plus dissolved) concentrations. For some elements (Ba, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn), the particulate matter from the surface microlayer was enriched with respect to those suspended materials taken from 0.2 m depth. This could reflect the atmospheric input of metal-rich aerosols. In anoxic deep waters, maximum contents of Zn (6400 µg g -1), Cu (1330 µg g -1) and Cd (12 µg g-1) were observed in the particulate matter, indicating sulphidic forms. On the other hand, under oxic conditions the distribution coefficients (Kd) decreased with the water depth (Cd, Fe and Pb).
Relative to global background levels, the particulate matter contained metal 'excesses' amounting to more than 90% of the global contents (Cd, Mn, Pb and Zn). Automated electron probe X-ray microanalyses (EPXMA) revealed that the elemental composition of sediments is mainly governed by post-depositional processes of early diagenesis and is only weakly related to the composition of suspended matter in the overlying water body. For instance, in relation to surface mud sediments of the central Baltic net-sedimentation basins, Zn, Cd, Cu and Mn had 30-100% higher levels in the suspended materials. The general pattern of metal contents of particulate matter taken from 10 m depth on a transect between the Bothnian Bay and the North Sea were -possibly as a result of anthropogenic inputs- rather similar for Pb, Zn and Cu. For Fe and Mn, the distribution patterns along the transect were probably governed by the natural loading characteristics and by the biogeochemistry of those elements.