The physical habitat with its biological community; a term which refers to the combination of the physical environment (habitat) and its distinctive assemblage of conspicuous species . So, a biotope combines the concepts of habitat and community for defining geographical units.
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- Connor, D.W., Brazier, D.P., Hill, T.O.& Northen, K.O., 1997(a). Marine Nature Conservation Review: marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Volume 1. Littoral biotopes. Version 97.06. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report, no. 229.