VLAAMS INSTITUUT VOOR DE ZEE
PLATFORM VOOR MARIEN ONDERZOEK


Persoonlijke instellingen
Naamruimten

Varianten
Handelingen


Chlorfenvinphos

Uit Kust Wiki
Versie door Daphnisd (Overleg | bijdragen) op 27 aug 2009 om 12:13

Ga naar: navigatie, zoeken

Definition of Chlorfenvinphos:
Chlorfenvinphos is an insecticide used to control insect pests on livestock. It was also used to control household pests such as flies, fleas, and mites. The pure chemical is a colourless liquid with a mild odour. [1]
This is the common definition for Chlorfenvinphos, other definitions can be discussed in the article

Notes

Chlorfenvinphos
Chlorfenvinphos
Formula
C12H14Cl3O4P


Chlorfenvinphos was introduced in the US in 1963 where it was used until 1991. No information is available about the volumes in which it was used.

Chlorfenvinphos enters the environment from run-off after rainfall and leaching from hazardous waste sites. After it has leached, it may be present in the soil and underground water. It has a water solubility of 130mg/l and a moderate tendency to adsorb to particles. In water it is relatively stable, it is only slowly hydrolysed, but some biodegradation might occur by micro-organisms.

It may have a low to moderate tendency to bioaccumulate, however no experimental data on fishes are available. There also isn't any information available on its potential to biomagnify.[1]

It is very toxic for fishes: acute toxicity concentrations range, depending on the species, between 25 µg/l and 1 mg/l. Zooplankton are even more vulnerable, some species die at concentrations above 0.4 µg/l. [2]


Environmental standards and legislation

Included in the water framework list of priority substances


See also

Chlorfenvinphos on the ED North Database


References

  1. 1,0 1,1 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES 1997 TOXICOLOGICAL PROFILE FOR CHLORFENVINPHOS
  2. www.pesticideinfo.org August 13 2009