Coast and beach management recommendations for climate change
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Adaptive and mitigative measures for climate change need to be understandable and capable of implementation by local coastal and beach managers. This requires plain language, clearly understood issues and indicators, and readily achievable measures.
Some recommended coast and beach management measures are:
- In complex ways, climate change can affect the ecological or carrying capacity of these natural ecosystems. In order to allow these coastal and marine ecosystems to adapt to the climate changes that will occur, overall human stresses, including those caused by tourist developments, must be reduced.
- Climate change requires an integrative and reiterative approach to planning that involves strategic environmental assessment and integrated management of these tourist developments, to determine the combined interaction of tourist developments and other human uses and climate change. This must be done before authorizing those uses and developments, and there needs to be subsequent monitoring of impacts.
- Integrated coastal zone management must address tourist developments, human uses of coast and marine resources and climate change, with decision making that involves tourist businesses, local authorities and communities, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other stakeholders.
- Appropriate knowledge and monitoring technologies must be used at the appropriate scale. Local knowledge and information must be gathered locally, preferably by local parties, and combined with information from monitoring, satellite imagery and remote sensing at local, national and regional scales.
- While climate change is a global issue, eutrophication will occur on a regional and local scale, particularly within bays, enclosed seas and lakes, and will require regional and local measures. Managing eutrophication requires reliable predictions, underpinned by consistent measurements and numerical modeling, but also informed local understandings of the changes and local responses.
- Appropriate mitigative and adaptive measures that can be considered and implemented by local governments, NGOs and peoples include measures for
- overall water uses, and the uses and treatment of waste water,
- minimizing energy and carbon emissions,
- appropriate erosion, soft and hard coastal and beach defence measures, including setbacks for built environment, and
- retention of coastal and marine ecosystems such as beaches, estuaries, and wetlands in a natural states as a defensive measure and to enhance biodiversity.
- Case Study: Climate Change and European Coast and Beach Management, 2006, Completed by M.A.K.Muir for EU-funded Coastal Practise Network (CoPraNet)
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