Measures aimed at protecting the coast against coastline retreat, thus protecting housing, infrastructure, the coast and the hinterland from erosion often at the expense of losing the beach and the dynamic coastal landscape. Coast protection often consists of hard structures such as revetments or groynes.
Coastal protection structures are important components that lead to a coastal squeeze, which can result in the loss of coastal habitats and ecosystems with implications for the plants and animals occurring there.
- Mangor, Karsten. 2004. “Shoreline Management Guidelines”. DHI Water and Environment, 294pp.
- Doody, J.P. (2004) 'Coastal squeeze' - an historical perspective. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 10/1-2, 129-138.