Measures aimed at protecting the coast against coastline retreat, thus protecting housing, infrastructure, the coast and the hinterland from erosion often at the expense of losing the beach and the dynamic coastal landscape. Coast protection often consists of hard structures such as revetments or groynes.
Coastal protection structures are important components that can lead to a coastal squeeze, which can result in the loss of coastal habitats and ecosystems with implications for the plants and animals occurring there. See also the article threats to the coastal zone.
- For more information on the background of coastal protection and protection against different types of erosion, see coastal protection.
- Different protection measures are described in Shore protection, coast protection and sea defence methods.
- Mangor, Karsten. 2004. “Shoreline Management Guidelines”. DHI Water and Environment, 294pp.
- Doody, J.P. (2004) 'Coastal squeeze' - an historical perspective. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 10/1-2, 129-138.