Marine Biotechnology in Norway: verschil tussen versies

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== Overarching science strategies, plans and policies ==
 
== Overarching science strategies, plans and policies ==
  
Regel 16: Regel 17:
  
 
* National White paper:''' “Nordområdestrategien”''' describes the Norwegian government’s strategy for research in the high north.<ref name="nor">http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/FKD/Vedlegg/Diverse/2009/strategy%20for%20an%20sustainable%20aquaculture.pdf</ref>
 
* National White paper:''' “Nordområdestrategien”''' describes the Norwegian government’s strategy for research in the high north.<ref name="nor">http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/FKD/Vedlegg/Diverse/2009/strategy%20for%20an%20sustainable%20aquaculture.pdf</ref>
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* National Whitepaper:''' "Long-term plan for research and higher education 2015–2024"''' describes the government's focus for 10 years.<ref name="ltp">https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dokumenter/meld.-st.-7-2014-2015/id2005541/?docId=STM201420150007000ENGEPIS&ch=1&q=</ref>
  
 
== Research funding schemes and programmes ==
 
== Research funding schemes and programmes ==
  
The '''Research Counsil of Norway (RCN)''' funds research projects, innovation projects, industrial projects and infrastructure. Relevant research programmes includes:
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The '''Research Council of Norway (RCN)''' funds research projects, innovation projects, industrial projects and infrastructure. Relevant research programmes includes:
* BIOTEK2021: A research financing program that finance applied academic research and industrial development of biotechnology.<ref name="bio">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=biotek2021%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1253970728155&langvariant=en</ref>
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* '''BIOTEK2021''': A research financing program that finance applied academic research and industrial development of biotechnology.<ref name="biio">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=biotek2021%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1253970728155&langvariant=en</ref>
* Aquaculture- An industry in growth: A research financing program that finance applied academic research and industrial development on aquaculture and fisheries.<ref name="aqu">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=havbruk%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1226994216892</ref>
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* '''Aquaculture- An industry in growth''': A research financing program that finance applied academic research and industrial development on aquaculture and fisheries.<ref name="aqqu">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=havbruk%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1226994216892</ref>
* The ocean and the coast: A research financing program that finance academic research and industrial development on eco systems and the marine environment.<ref name="oce">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1226994156395&pagename=havkyst%2FHovedsidemal</ref>
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* '''The ocean and the coast''': A research financing program that finance academic research and industrial development on eco systems and the marine environment.<ref name="occe">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1226994156395&pagename=havkyst%2FHovedsidemal</ref>
* Sustainable Innovation in Food and Bio-based Industries: A research financing program that finance applied academic research and industrial development of bio-based industries.<ref name="sus">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=bionaer%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1253971968584&langvariant=en</ref>
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* '''Sustainable Innovation in Food and Bio-based Industries''': A research financing program that finance applied academic research and industrial development of bio-based industries.<ref name="suss">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=bionaer%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1253971968584&langvariant=en</ref>
* Polar research: A research financing program that finance research on sustainable management and development of industries in the high north.<ref name="pol">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=polarforskning%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1231229969369&langvariant=en</ref>
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* '''Polar research''': A research financing program that finance research on sustainable management and development of industries in the high north.<ref name="poll">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=polarforskning%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1231229969369&langvariant=en</ref>
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* '''Pre-industrial support''': A funding program focused on technology transfer from academia to industry.<ref name="ennt">http://www.forskningsradet.no/prognett-bia/Home_page/1226993636038</ref>
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* '''Industrial support''': A funding program supporting industrial developments.<ref name="entt">http://www.forskningsradet.no/prognett-bia/Home_page/1226993636038</ref>
  
 
'''Innovation Norway''' funds innovation projects with industry and infrastructure. Relevant programmes include:
 
'''Innovation Norway''' funds innovation projects with industry and infrastructure. Relevant programmes include:
 
* Public R&D contracts and Private R&D contracts, where SMBs can be funded with up to 35% in a collaboration project with either a public or private customer.<ref name="pub">http://www.innovasjonnorge.no/Finansiering/IFUOFU/</ref>
 
* Public R&D contracts and Private R&D contracts, where SMBs can be funded with up to 35% in a collaboration project with either a public or private customer.<ref name="pub">http://www.innovasjonnorge.no/Finansiering/IFUOFU/</ref>
* Entrepreneurial grant, where start-ups can be funded in an initial period of the company.<ref name="ent">http://www.innovasjonnorge.no/Finansiering/Etablerertilskudd1/</ref>
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* Entrepreneurial grant, where start-ups can be funded in an initial period of the company.<ref name="eent">http://www.innovasjonnorge.no/Finansiering/Etablerertilskudd1/</ref>
  
 
'''SIVA''' funds infrastructures, such as laboratories and necessary housing for innovation centres.<ref name="siv">http://www.siva.no/internett/cms.nsf/pages/english?open</ref>
 
'''SIVA''' funds infrastructures, such as laboratories and necessary housing for innovation centres.<ref name="siv">http://www.siva.no/internett/cms.nsf/pages/english?open</ref>
Regel 37: Regel 42:
  
 
== Research priorities for marine biotechnology research ==
 
== Research priorities for marine biotechnology research ==
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 +
[[Image:Picture1_Norway.jpg|caption|right|250px]]
 
::* Bioprospecting / Biodiscovery, Aquaculture, Human and animal health
 
::* Bioprospecting / Biodiscovery, Aquaculture, Human and animal health
 
::* Fisheries
 
::* Fisheries
Regel 46: Regel 52:
 
== Strategic documents ==
 
== Strategic documents ==
  
* '''Strategy plan for Marine Bioprospecting''': A strategy document formed by the RCN, Innovation Norway and SIVA on how to implement the national strategy for Marin Bioprospecting.<ref name="pla">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1253953666626&pagename=fuge%2FHovedsidemal</ref>
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* '''Strategy plan for Marine Bioprospecting''': A strategy document formed by the RCN, Innovation Norway and SIVA on how to implement the national strategy for Marin Bioprospecting.<ref name="plaa">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1253953666626&pagename=fuge%2FHovedsidemal</ref>
  
* The Arctic and Northern Areas Initiative ('''Forskning.nord.to'''): The Research Council of Norway’s research strategy for the high north.<ref name="for">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Nyhet&cid=1253968952749&lang=no&pagename=nord%2FHovedsidemal</ref>
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* '''The Arctic and Northern Areas Initiative (Forskning.nord.to)''': The Research Council of Norway’s research strategy for the high north.<ref name="forr">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Nyhet&cid=1253968952749&lang=no&pagename=nord%2FHovedsidemal</ref>
  
* A new program plan ('''Biotek2021''') for biotechnology is under development.
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* '''HAV21''': The marine strategy for Norway. <ref name="troo">http://www.hav21.no/servlet/Satellite?blobcol=urldata&blobheader=application%2Fpdf&blobheadername1=Content-Disposition%3A&blobheadervalue1=+attachment%3B+filename%3D%22HAV21ENGWEB100dpi.pdf%22&blobkey=id&blobtable=MungoBlobs&blobwhere=1274502425446&ssbinary=true</ref>
  
 
== Infrastructures and coordination and support capacities / initiatives ==
 
== Infrastructures and coordination and support capacities / initiatives ==
 
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* In 2012, Norway operates 9 local/coastal vessels from 12,2m to 31,25 m; 1 regional vessels of 47,24m (Hakon Mosby); 4 oceanic from 56,80m to 64,40; and 3 global vessels from 66,65m to 102,8m registered at the European Research Vessels InfoBase.<ref name="euroc">http://www.eurocean.org</ref>
* '''Biotech North''': BioTech North is the network organisation for the development of  biotechnology  in the Tromsø region in North Norway.<ref name="tro">http://biotechnorth.no/</ref>
 
* Biotech Forum: '''Norwegian Bioindustry Association (NBA)''' was established autumn 2001 by representatives for Norwegian biotechnological industries and the Confederation of Norwegian Business and Industry (NHO). The Association is an independent member organization with purpose to promote development of Norwegian biotechnological trade and research.<ref name="nba">http://www.biotekforum.no/About_us/</ref>
 
* 10 biotechnology platforms: These technology platforms have been built up during the course of the FUGE programme. They offer service in different high tech niches to academic researchers and industry.<ref name="ten">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1226993578290&pagename=fuge%2FHovedsidemal</ref>
 
*''' Mabcent-SFI''': Center for research based innovation on bioprospecting in Tromsø where academic research groups and SMBs collaborate on defined research topics for innovation.<ref name="mab">http://www0.nfh.uit.no/mabcent/</ref>
 
* '''MarBank''': A national marine biobank organising the collection, and structuring of the marine biodiversity for research and industrial development.<ref name="ma1">http://www.imr.no/barentshavet/tokt/toktdagbok_2006/dagbok/marbank</ref><ref name="ma2">http://www.noruega.org.pt/PageFiles/575028/7%20Kjersti%20L%20Gabrielsen_Marbank%20-%20A%20national%20collection%20of%20Arctic%20Marine%20Organisms.pdf</ref>
 
 
 
* In 2012, Norway operates 9 local/coastal vessels from 12.2m to 31.25 m; 1 regional vessels of 47.24m; 4 oceanic from 56.80m to 64.40; and 3 global vessels from 66.65m to 102.8m registered at the European Research Vessels Infobase. <ref name="eur">http://www.eurocean.org</ref>
 
  
 
* In 2012, Norway maintains about 11 large marine research equipments registered in the European large Exchangeable instruments database. <ref name="eur">http://www.eurocean.org</ref>
 
* In 2012, Norway maintains about 11 large marine research equipments registered in the European large Exchangeable instruments database. <ref name="eur">http://www.eurocean.org</ref>
 
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* Key aquaculture experimental and research facilities in Norway include:
* Key aquaculture experimental and research facilities in Norway include:  
 
 
::* Breeding facilities (Aqua Gen AS)
 
::* Breeding facilities (Aqua Gen AS)
 
::* Skretting, Marine Harvest (Center for Aquaculture Competence AS)
 
::* Skretting, Marine Harvest (Center for Aquaculture Competence AS)
Regel 72: Regel 70:
 
::* Cod Breeding Centre Nofima Marin  
 
::* Cod Breeding Centre Nofima Marin  
 
::* Grow out sea based facilities  (NIVA)  
 
::* Grow out sea based facilities  (NIVA)  
::* SEALAB( SINTEF)
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::* SEALAB (SINTEF)
 
::* Aquaculture research station (Havbruksstasjonen)
 
::* Aquaculture research station (Havbruksstasjonen)
 
::* Grow out unit (Val Akva)
 
::* Grow out unit (Val Akva)
Regel 81: Regel 79:
 
::* CodTech laboratory (NTNU)  
 
::* CodTech laboratory (NTNU)  
 
::* IMR - Austevoll Research Station (Institute of Marine Research)
 
::* IMR - Austevoll Research Station (Institute of Marine Research)
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 +
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* '''Biotech North''': BioTech North is the network organisation for the development of  biotechnology  in the Tromsø region in North Norway.<ref name="tro">http://biotechnorth.no/</ref>
 +
* '''10 biotechnology platforms''': These technology platforms have been built up during the course of the FUGE programme. They offer service in different high tech niches to academic researchers and industry.<ref name="ten">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1226993591957&pagename=fuge%2FHovedsidemal</ref>
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* '''MarBank''': A national marine biobank organising the collection, and structuring of the marine biodiversity for research and industrial development.<ref name="ma1">http://www.imr.no/barentshavet/tokt/toktdagbok_2006/dagbok/marbank</ref><ref name="ma2">http://www.noruega.org.pt/PageFiles/575028/7%20Kjersti%20L%20Gabrielsen_Marbank%20-%20A%20national%20collection%20of%20Arctic%20Marine%20Organisms.pdf</ref>
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== Major initiatives ==
 
== Major initiatives ==
  
* '''FUGE''': The first targeted programme at The Research Council of Norway aimed at functional [[genomics]]. The program was in function form 2002 to 2011 and have financed research projects for about 1,7 billion kroner of which about 20 % are within marine biotechnology. The responsibility for fulfilling the national strategy for marine bioprospecting was part of the program. This is now continued within the BIOTEK2021 programme.<ref name="fug">http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=fuge%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1226993493126</ref>
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* The two major initiatives within marine sciences are the '''Aquaculture''' program and the '''BIOTEK2021''' program mentioned above.
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
  
== Disclaimer==
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{{Marinebiotechdisclaimer}}
  
This draft country profile is based on available online information sources and contributions from various country experts and stakeholders. It does not aim nor claim to be complete or final, but should be considered as a dynamic and living information resource that will be elaborated, updated and improved as more information becomes available, including further inputs from experts and stakeholders.
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[[category:Marine Biotechnology]]

Huidige versie van 1 aug 2016 om 15:25

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UPDATED August 2016

Overarching science strategies, plans and policies

  • National Whitepaper: “Climate for research” describes the overall Norwegian government’s research strategy.[1]
  • National Whitepaper: “Marine Bioprospecting- a source of new and sustainable wealth growth” describes the Norwegian government’s strategy for marine bioprospecting.[2]
  • National Whitepaper: “National strategy for biotechnology” describes the Norwegian government’s strategy on biotechnology.[3]
  • National White paper: “Strategy for an Environmentally Sustainable Norwegian Aquaculture Industry” describes the Norwegian government’s strategy on aquaculture.[4]
  • National White paper: “Nordområdestrategien” describes the Norwegian government’s strategy for research in the high north.[5]
  • National Whitepaper: "Long-term plan for research and higher education 2015–2024" describes the government's focus for 10 years.[6]

Research funding schemes and programmes

The Research Council of Norway (RCN) funds research projects, innovation projects, industrial projects and infrastructure. Relevant research programmes includes:

  • BIOTEK2021: A research financing program that finance applied academic research and industrial development of biotechnology.[7]
  • Aquaculture- An industry in growth: A research financing program that finance applied academic research and industrial development on aquaculture and fisheries.[8]
  • The ocean and the coast: A research financing program that finance academic research and industrial development on eco systems and the marine environment.[9]
  • Sustainable Innovation in Food and Bio-based Industries: A research financing program that finance applied academic research and industrial development of bio-based industries.[10]
  • Polar research: A research financing program that finance research on sustainable management and development of industries in the high north.[11]
  • Pre-industrial support: A funding program focused on technology transfer from academia to industry.[12]
  • Industrial support: A funding program supporting industrial developments.[13]

Innovation Norway funds innovation projects with industry and infrastructure. Relevant programmes include:

  • Public R&D contracts and Private R&D contracts, where SMBs can be funded with up to 35% in a collaboration project with either a public or private customer.[14]
  • Entrepreneurial grant, where start-ups can be funded in an initial period of the company.[15]

SIVA funds infrastructures, such as laboratories and necessary housing for innovation centres.[16]

Regional research foundations funds research projects, innovation projects, industrial projects and infrastructure.[17]

A collaboration effort exists between Innovation Norway, The research council of Norway, SIVA and equivalent research councils in the United Kingdom to fund innovation and applied research in marine biotechnology.[18]

Research priorities for marine biotechnology research

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  • Bioprospecting / Biodiscovery, Aquaculture, Human and animal health
  • Fisheries
  • Polar research
  • Industrial biotechnology
  • Bio-based industries

Strategic documents

  • Strategy plan for Marine Bioprospecting: A strategy document formed by the RCN, Innovation Norway and SIVA on how to implement the national strategy for Marin Bioprospecting.[19]
  • The Arctic and Northern Areas Initiative (Forskning.nord.to): The Research Council of Norway’s research strategy for the high north.[20]
  • HAV21: The marine strategy for Norway. [21]

Infrastructures and coordination and support capacities / initiatives

  • In 2012, Norway operates 9 local/coastal vessels from 12,2m to 31,25 m; 1 regional vessels of 47,24m (Hakon Mosby); 4 oceanic from 56,80m to 64,40; and 3 global vessels from 66,65m to 102,8m registered at the European Research Vessels InfoBase.[22]
  • In 2012, Norway maintains about 11 large marine research equipments registered in the European large Exchangeable instruments database. [23]
  • Key aquaculture experimental and research facilities in Norway include:
  • Breeding facilities (Aqua Gen AS)
  • Skretting, Marine Harvest (Center for Aquaculture Competence AS)
  • Trial farms (Ewos Innovation AS)
  • Comercial sea based facilities (Fjord Forsøksstasjon Helgeland AS )
  • Grow out sea based facilities( GIFAS - Gildeskål Forskningsstasjon )
  • Cod Breeding Centre Nofima Marin
  • Grow out sea based facilities (NIVA)
  • SEALAB (SINTEF)
  • Aquaculture research station (Havbruksstasjonen)
  • Grow out unit (Val Akva)
  • Grow out sea based facilities (VESO Vikan Akvavet)
  • Cod Farm and Miljølaks (Villa AS)
  • IMR - Flødevigen Research Station (Institute of Marine Research )
  • IMR - Matre Research Station (Institute of Marine Research)
  • CodTech laboratory (NTNU)
  • IMR - Austevoll Research Station (Institute of Marine Research)


  • Biotech North: BioTech North is the network organisation for the development of biotechnology in the Tromsø region in North Norway.[24]
  • 10 biotechnology platforms: These technology platforms have been built up during the course of the FUGE programme. They offer service in different high tech niches to academic researchers and industry.[25]
  • MarBank: A national marine biobank organising the collection, and structuring of the marine biodiversity for research and industrial development.[26][27]


Major initiatives

  • The two major initiatives within marine sciences are the Aquaculture program and the BIOTEK2021 program mentioned above.

References

  1. http://www.regjeringen.no/pages/2178785/PDFS/STM200820090030000DDDPDFS.pdf
  2. http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/FKD/Vedlegg/Diverse/2009/Marin_bioprospektering_080909_lavoppl.pdf
  3. http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/KD/Vedlegg/Forskning/Bioteknologistrategi.pdf
  4. http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/FKD/Vedlegg/Diverse/2009/strategy%20for%20an%20sustainable%20aquaculture.pdf
  5. http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/FKD/Vedlegg/Diverse/2009/strategy%20for%20an%20sustainable%20aquaculture.pdf
  6. https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dokumenter/meld.-st.-7-2014-2015/id2005541/?docId=STM201420150007000ENGEPIS&ch=1&q=
  7. http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=biotek2021%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1253970728155&langvariant=en
  8. http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=havbruk%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1226994216892
  9. http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1226994156395&pagename=havkyst%2FHovedsidemal
  10. http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=bionaer%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1253971968584&langvariant=en
  11. http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=polarforskning%2FHovedsidemal&cid=1231229969369&langvariant=en
  12. http://www.forskningsradet.no/prognett-bia/Home_page/1226993636038
  13. http://www.forskningsradet.no/prognett-bia/Home_page/1226993636038
  14. http://www.innovasjonnorge.no/Finansiering/IFUOFU/
  15. http://www.innovasjonnorge.no/Finansiering/Etablerertilskudd1/
  16. http://www.siva.no/internett/cms.nsf/pages/english?open
  17. http://www.regionaleforskningsfond.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&pagename=rff-hovedside/Hovedsidemal&cid=1253954088866
  18. https://connect.innovateuk.org/web/biosciencesktn/articles/-/blogs/6374683;jsessionid=E2F58BACA08C2F4ECA1F541C658C55B7.MekushUdbew4
  19. http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1253953666626&pagename=fuge%2FHovedsidemal
  20. http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Nyhet&cid=1253968952749&lang=no&pagename=nord%2FHovedsidemal
  21. http://www.hav21.no/servlet/Satellite?blobcol=urldata&blobheader=application%2Fpdf&blobheadername1=Content-Disposition%3A&blobheadervalue1=+attachment%3B+filename%3D%22HAV21ENGWEB100dpi.pdf%22&blobkey=id&blobtable=MungoBlobs&blobwhere=1274502425446&ssbinary=true
  22. http://www.eurocean.org
  23. http://www.eurocean.org
  24. http://biotechnorth.no/
  25. http://www.forskningsradet.no/servlet/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1226993591957&pagename=fuge%2FHovedsidemal
  26. http://www.imr.no/barentshavet/tokt/toktdagbok_2006/dagbok/marbank
  27. http://www.noruega.org.pt/PageFiles/575028/7%20Kjersti%20L%20Gabrielsen_Marbank%20-%20A%20national%20collection%20of%20Arctic%20Marine%20Organisms.pdf

Disclaimer

This country profile is based on available online information sources and contributions from various country experts and stakeholders. It does not claim to be complete or final, but should be considered as a dynamic and living information resource that will be elaborated, updated and improved as more information becomes available, including further inputs from experts and stakeholders. The information on this page is based on information initially compiled by the CSA MarineBiotech Project (2011-2013) and updated by the Marine Biotechnology ERA-NET (2013-2017).