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== An Integrated Maritime Policy for the European Union -The '''Blue Book''' ==
#REDIRECT[[Integrated Maritime Policy for the European Union]]
The European Commission launched a comprehensive consultation and analysis of how Europe relates to the sea. See Report on the Consultation process -COM(2007)547
Building in this valuable input the Commission presented, on 10 October 2007, its vision for '''an Integrated Maritime Policy for the European Union''', also called the '''Blue Book'''. This vision is based on the clear recognition that all matters relating to Europe's oceans and seas are interlinked, and that sea-related policies must develop in a joined-up way if are to reap the desired results <ref>COM(2007)575 final, Brussels, 10.10.2007</ref>
The '''Blue Book''' lays the foundation for the governance framework and cross-sectoral tools necessary for an EU Integrated Maritime Policy and sets out the main actions that the Commission will pursue during the course of this mandate. These actions will be guided by the principles of subsidiarity and competitiveness, the ecosystem approach, and stakeholder participation.
An EU Integrated Maritime Policy will:
* Change the way we make policy and take decisions -an integrated, inter-sectoral approach is strongly advocated for
* Develop and deliver a programme of work -action under the different sectoral policies must develop in a coherent policy framework
== A Governance Framework ==
An Integrated Maritime Policy requires a '''governance framework''' that applies the integrated approach at every level
Related actions by the Commission:
*invite Member States to draw up national integrated maritime policies, working closely with stakeholders, in particular the coastal regions;
*propose in 2008 a set of guidelines for these national integrated maritime policies and report annually on EU and Member States' actions in this regard from 2009;
*organise a stakeholder consultation structure, feeding into further development of the maritime policy and allowing exchange of best practices
== Tools for Integrated policy-making==
An integrated governance framework for maritime affairs requires horizontal planning tools that cut across sea-related sectoral policies and support joined up policy making. The most relevant tools are the following:
'''A European network for maritime surveillance''' -for the safe and secure use of marine space
Related actions by the Commission:
*promote improved cooperation between Member States' Coastguards and appropriate agencies
*take steps towards a more interoperable surveillance system to bring together existing monitoring and tracking systems used for maritime safety and security, protection of the marine environment, fisheries control, control of external borders and other law enforcement activities
'''Maritime Spatial Planning and ICZM''' -for sustainable decision-making
Related actions by the Commission:
*develop a roadmap in 2008 to facilitate the development of maritime spatial planning by Member States
'''A comprehensive and accessble source of Data and Information''' -for informed decision-making
Related actions by the Commission:
*take steps in 2008 towards a European Marine Observation and Data Network (building inter alia on the GMES initiative)
*promote the multi-dimensional mapping of Member States' waters, in order to improve access to high quality data
== Action Areas ==
An EU Integrated Maritime Policy will focus its actions primarily in the following five areas:
=== Maximising the Sustainable Use of the Oceans and Seas ===
Related actions by the Commission:
In order to improve the efficiency of maritime transport in Europe and ensuring its long term competitiveness:
*propose a European Maritime Transport Space without barriers
*prepare a comprehensive maritime transport strategy for 2008-2018
In order to develop the capacity of European seaports in a way that is compatible with EU policy environmental and competitiveness goals:
*propose a new ports policy, taking account of the multiple roles of ports and the wider context of European logistics
*make proposals to reduce the levels of air pollution from ships in ports, namely by removing tax disadvantages for shore side electricity
*issue guidelines on the application of the relevant Community environmental legislation to port development
In order to enhance business integration and competitiveness in the maritime sector:
*encourage the formation of multi-sectoral clusters and regional centres of maritime excellence
*promote a European network of maritime clusters
In order to promote the design of a system providing Europeans with better and wider career prospects in the maritime cluster:
*reassess, in close cooperation with social partners, the exclusions affecting maritime sectors in EU labour legislation
*promote a Certificate of Maritime Excellence
== References ==

Huidige versie van 13 jan 2013 om 16:06