MACROBEL
Long term trends in the macrobenthos of the Belgian Continental Shelf
Introduction Methods Taxonomy Distribution Project info Atlas

Macrobel taxon details

Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777)

marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Pennant, T., (1777) British Zoology, vol. IV. Crustacea. Mollusca. Testacea: i-viii, 1-154, Plates 1-93. London., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/127011
page(s): 236 [details]   
Description The cordiform body of the sea potato is protected by a calcite skeleton and measures up to 60 mm.
The skeleton is covered...  
Description The cordiform body of the sea potato is protected by a calcite skeleton and measures up to 60 mm.
The skeleton is covered with soft spines that lie flat on the body and point towards the back. Yellowish brown in colour. [details]

Distribution In the 1976-1986 period Echinocardium cordatum was mainly found near the Flemish Banks (maximum 50 ind./m2) whereas it was...  
Distribution In the 1976-1986 period Echinocardium cordatum was mainly found near the Flemish Banks (maximum 50 ind./m2) whereas it was absent in the eastern coastal zone and near the Hinder Banks. In the 1994-2001 period the species is clearly distributed more widely: E. cordatum was only absent in the eastern coastal zone and reached densities up to 200 ind./m2. As the species lives burrowed in the sand (up to 20 cm deep) there is a real chance that the Van Veen grab fails to scoop up E. cordatum. Consequently, the species may have a broader distribution than mentioned here. [details]
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777). Accessed through: Long term trends in the macrobenthos of the Belgian Continental Shelf (Macrobel) at: http://www.vliz.be/vmdcdata/macrobel/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124392 on 2018-07-20
Long term trends in the macrobenthos of the Belgian Continental Shelf (Macrobel). Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777). Accessed at: http://www.vliz.be/vmdcdata/macrobel/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124392 on 2018-07-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-18 06:32:47Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2010-03-19 14:42:39Z
changed
2013-08-26 18:24:18Z
changed

original description Pennant, T., (1777) British Zoology, vol. IV. Crustacea. Mollusca. Testacea: i-viii, 1-154, Plates 1-93. London., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/127011
page(s): 236 [details]   

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

additional source Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Mah, C.L.; McKnight, D.G.; Eagle, M.K.; Pawson, D.L.; Améziane, N.; Vance, D.J.; Baker, A.N.; Clark, H.E.S.; Davey, N. (2009). Phylum Echinodermata: sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, sea lilies. In: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 371-400. [details]   

additional source Mortensen, T. (1951). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. V, 2. Spatangoida II. Amphisternata II. Spatangidæ, Loveniidæ, Pericosmidæ, Schizasteridæ, Brissidæ, 593 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 152-157 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Hansson, H. (2004). North East Atlantic Taxa (NEAT): Nematoda. Internet pdf Ed. Aug 1998., available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/taxa.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

context source (Deepsea) Census of Marine Life (2012). SYNDEEP: Towards a first global synthesis of biodiversity, biogeography and ecosystem function in the deep sea. Unpublished data (datasetID: 38), available online at http://www.comlsecretariat.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/SYNDEEP-Towards-a-first-global-synthesis-of-biodiversity-biogeography-and-ecosystem-function-in-the-deep-sea-Eva-Ramirez-Llodra-et-al..pdf [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description The cordiform body of the sea potato is protected by a calcite skeleton and measures up to 60 mm.
The skeleton is covered with soft spines that lie flat on the body and point towards the back. Yellowish brown in colour. [details]

Distribution In the 1976-1986 period Echinocardium cordatum was mainly found near the Flemish Banks (maximum 50 ind./m2) whereas it was absent in the eastern coastal zone and near the Hinder Banks. In the 1994-2001 period the species is clearly distributed more widely: E. cordatum was only absent in the eastern coastal zone and reached densities up to 200 ind./m2. As the species lives burrowed in the sand (up to 20 cm deep) there is a real chance that the Van Veen grab fails to scoop up E. cordatum. Consequently, the species may have a broader distribution than mentioned here. [details]

Habitat Echinocardium cordatum occurs in sediments with a wide range of grain sizes (median grain size up to 650 μm), but clearly prefers sediments with a median grain size of 200 to 300 μm (relative occurrence ± 40%). The species is only found in sediments with a low mud content (< 20%). [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch zeeklithartegel  [details]
English sea-potatoheart-urchin  [details]
French oursin-coeur  [details]
German kleiner Herzigel  [details]