MACROBEL
Long term trends in the macrobenthos of the Belgian Continental Shelf
Introduction Methods Taxonomy Distribution Project info Atlas

Macrobel taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella Blainville, 1828

129211  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129211)

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitomastus Eisig, 1887 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Blainville, H. de. (1828). Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris. Volume 57: 1-628., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 443 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are morphologically very hard to distinguish from each other, hence we speak of a Capitella complex. Capitella looks like earthworms because the exterior appendages (parapodia and gills) are very much reduced. The body is rather fragile and may contract and/or expand. The head is built rather simply and tapers conically. The colour of the living specimens is purple. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the complex was found in the entire near-coastal zone with a low frequency of occurrence. In the 1994-2001 period the complex of species had a higher relative
occurence, but its distribution was limited to the western near-coastal zone. Its maximum density
increased from 40 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period to 700 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]
Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2017). Capitella Blainville, 1828. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Taxa used on the Macrobel website at http://www.vliz.be/vmdcdata/macrobel/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129211 on 2018-01-16

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-12-25 22:58:18Z
changed
2017-02-06 23:08:45Z
changed

original description Blainville, H. de. (1828). Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris. Volume 57: 1-628., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 443 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Eisig, H. 1887. Monographie der Capitelliden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden meeres-abschnitte nebst untersuchungen zur vergleichenden anatomie und physiologie. Fauna und Flora des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte, 16: xxvi + 906 pp. + 37 plates., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.7348
page(s): 290 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

identification resource Silva, C.F.; Shimabukuro, M.; Alfaro-Lucas, J.M.; Fujiwara, Y.; Sumida, P.Y.; Amaral, A.C. (2016). A new Capitella polychaete worm (Annelida: Capitellidae) living inside whale bones in the abyssal South Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers. 108: 23-31., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2015.12.004
page(s): 28-29; note: synoptic table for all the hitherto known species [details]   

identification resource Pamungkas, Joko. (2017). Capitella ambonensis: a new polychaete species (Annelida: Capitellidae) collected from a mangrove habitat on Ambon Island, Indonesia. Zootaxa. 4227(4): 573-582., available online at http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4227.4.7
page(s): 579; note: Table of characters of Capitella species [details]   

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf
page(s): 33 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Nomenclator Zoologicus Online. , available online at http://uio.mbl.edu/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Warren, Lynda M. (1991). Problems in capitellid taxonomy. The genera Capitella, Capitomastus and Capitellides (Polychaeta). Ophelia supplement. 5 (Systematics, Biology and Morphology of World Polychaeta): 275-282.
page(s): 281 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are morphologically very hard to distinguish from each other, hence we speak of a Capitella complex. Capitella looks like earthworms because the exterior appendages (parapodia and gills) are very much reduced. The body is rather fragile and may contract and/or expand. The head is built rather simply and tapers conically. The colour of the living specimens is purple. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the complex was found in the entire near-coastal zone with a low frequency of occurrence. In the 1994-2001 period the complex of species had a higher relative
occurence, but its distribution was limited to the western near-coastal zone. Its maximum density
increased from 40 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period to 700 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Capitella capitata/minima is found in all sediment types present on the Belgian part of the North Sea. Although this species occurs in very fine to coarse sediments, it tends to prefer fine-grained sediments with a median grain size of 50-250 µm. Capitella capitata/minima is almost completely absent in sediments without mud. The maximum relative occurrence (> 60%) is observed in sediments with a mud content of 10-20% whereas C. capitata/minima has a relative occurrence of 20 to 30% in sediments with higher mud contents. [details]
 



Feeding Type
deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
grazer [details]