MACROBEL
Long term trends in the macrobenthos of the Belgian Continental Shelf
Introduction Methods Taxonomy Distribution Project info Atlas

Macrobel taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEunereis longissima (Johnston, 1840)

130375  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130375)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach a length of up to 50 cm, although only smaller specimens with a maximum length of 20cm have been found on the Belgian part of the North Sea. The striking head structures with tentacles, palps, antennae and four eyes are characteristic. Living specimens have a red to iridescent dark brown colour. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With only eight observations and a maximum...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With only eight observations and a maximum density of 16 ind./m2 Eunereis longissima was a rare phenomenon in the entire near-coastal zone in the 1976-1986 period. In the 1994-2001 period the number of observations increased and densities up to 100 ind./m2 were noted. The species still mainly occurred near the coast, but clearly avoided the eastern coastal zone. [details]
Gil, J.; Bellan, G. (2016). Eunereis longissima (Johnston, 1840). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Taxa used on the Macrobel website at http://www.vliz.be/vmdcdata/macrobel/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130375 on 2017-12-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-05-13 18:03:36Z
changed

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Ehlers, Ernst. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume 2: i-xx, 269-748, plates XII-XXIV. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

additional source Hartman, O. 1959. Capitellidae and Nereidae (marine annelids) from the Gulf side of Florida with a review of freshwater Nereidae. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, 9(2): 153-168., available online at http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/umrsmas/bullmar/1959/00000009/00000002/art00002 [details]   

additional source Malmgren, A. J. (1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(1): 51-110., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/61/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

redescription Bakken, T.; Wilson, R.S. (2005). Phylogeny of nereidids (Polychaeta, Nereididae) with paragnaths. Zoologica Scripta. 34(5): 507-547., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2005.00200.x [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach a length of up to 50 cm, although only smaller specimens with a maximum length of 20cm have been found on the Belgian part of the North Sea. The striking head structures with tentacles, palps, antennae and four eyes are characteristic. Living specimens have a red to iridescent dark brown colour. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With only eight observations and a maximum density of 16 ind./m2 Eunereis longissima was a rare phenomenon in the entire near-coastal zone in the 1976-1986 period. In the 1994-2001 period the number of observations increased and densities up to 100 ind./m2 were noted. The species still mainly occurred near the coast, but clearly avoided the eastern coastal zone. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Eunereis longissima is typically found in sediments with a median grain size of 100 to 250 μm. The species has a broad mud content tolerance but tends to prefer (relative occurrence: > 50%) sediments with a mud content of 10-20%. [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder [details]
deposit feeder: surface [details]
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]