MACROBEL
Long term trends in the macrobenthos of the Belgian Continental Shelf
Introduction Methods Taxonomy Distribution Project info Atlas

Macrobel taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758)

140301  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140301)

accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A thick oval shell, mostly coloured dirty white and measuring up to 50 mm long. Concentric lines at
the front and back are...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A thick oval shell, mostly coloured dirty white and measuring up to 50 mm long. Concentric lines at
the front and back are reasonably coarse, growth lines are clear. A shallow burrowing suspension
feeder. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With observations in the coastal zone up to in the open sea the distribution of Spisula solida covers the entire Belgian...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With observations in the coastal zone up to in the open sea the distribution of Spisula solida covers the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. The species is mainly found on the tops of the sandbanks. During the 1976-1986 period S. solida was found in a relatively high number of locations. In the 1994-2001 period, however, the distribution frequency decreased considerably. In both periods S. solida reached a maximum density of 40 ind./m2. [details]
Gofas, S. (2008). Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758). In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: Taxa used on the Macrobel website at http://www.vliz.be/vmdcdata/macrobel/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140301 on 2018-01-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-04-13 07:37:35Z
changed
2008-08-21 17:03:20Z
checked

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Ardovini, R.; Cossignani, T. (2004). West African seashells (including Azores, Madeira and Canary Is.) = Conchiglie dell'Africa Occidentale (incluse Azzorre, Madeira e Canarie). English-Italian edition. L'Informatore Piceno: Ancona, Italy. ISBN 88-86070-11-X. 319 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Howson, C. M.; Picton, B. E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

context source (Schelde) Vanosmael, C. (1977). Studie van het macrobenthos ter hoogte van de monding van de Westerschelde en de Belgische kust. MSc Thesis. Rijksuniversiteit Gent, Faculteit der Wetenschappen: Gent. 70 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A thick oval shell, mostly coloured dirty white and measuring up to 50 mm long. Concentric lines at
the front and back are reasonably coarse, growth lines are clear. A shallow burrowing suspension
feeder. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With observations in the coastal zone up to in the open sea the distribution of Spisula solida covers the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. The species is mainly found on the tops of the sandbanks. During the 1976-1986 period S. solida was found in a relatively high number of locations. In the 1994-2001 period, however, the distribution frequency decreased considerably. In both periods S. solida reached a maximum density of 40 ind./m2. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Spisula solida mainly prefers coarse-grained sediments: the higher the median grain size, the higher the relative occurrence (up to 20%). The species furthermore also tends to prefer the presence of a low mud content (0-20%). The species does not occur in sediments with a mud content exceeding 20%.The high relative occurrence (20%) in sediments with a median grain size of 50-100 μm is considered unreliable (outlier). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorValidity Valid as Spisula (Spisula) solida (Linnaeus, 1758) [details]
 

Feeding Type
suspension feeder [details]
Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerrmannella rostrata Canu, 1891 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhodobothrium enigmaticum (Gallien, 1949) Carvajal & Campbell, 1979 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstevige strandschelp  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordickschalige Trogmuschel  [details]