MACROBEL
Long term trends in the macrobenthos of the Belgian Continental Shelf
Introduction Methods Taxonomy Distribution Project info Atlas

Macrobel name details

Ensis directus (Conrad, 1844) sensu Abbott, 1954

140732  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140732)

 unaccepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of ) Conrad, T.A. (1843 [1844]). Descriptions of nineteen species of Tertiary fossils of Virginia and North Carolina. <em>Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.</em> 1: 323-329., available online at https://www.jstor.org/stable/4058712
page(s): 325 [details]   
Distribution A recent immigrant from America, this species is now very common along the European coasts. First discovered on German...  
Distribution A recent immigrant from America, this species is now very common along the European coasts. First discovered on German North Sea Coasts in 1979, it had reached NE Denmark and the Dutch Wadden Sea by 1982, and NE France by 1991. [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Ensis directus (Conrad, 1844) sensu Abbott, 1954. Accessed through: Long term trends in the macrobenthos of the Belgian Continental Shelf (Macrobel) at: http://www.vliz.be/vmdcdata/macrobel/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140732 on 2020-09-27
Long term trends in the macrobenthos of the Belgian Continental Shelf (Macrobel). Ensis directus (Conrad, 1844) sensu Abbott, 1954. Accessed at: http://www.vliz.be/vmdcdata/macrobel/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140732 on 2020-09-27
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2009-09-05 11:22:23Z
changed
2017-01-10 16:55:41Z
changed

original description  (of ) Conrad, T.A. (1843 [1844]). Descriptions of nineteen species of Tertiary fossils of Virginia and North Carolina. <em>Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.</em> 1: 323-329., available online at https://www.jstor.org/stable/4058712
page(s): 325 [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Cosel R. von, 2009. The razor shells of the eastern Atlantic, part 2. Pharidae II: the genus <i>Ensis</i> Schumacher, 1817 (Bivalvia, Solenoidea). <i>Basteria</i>, 73: 9-56 , available online at http://natuurtijdschriften.nl/download?type=document&docid=597354 [details]   

additional source Vierna J., Cuperus J., Martínez-Lage A., Jansen J.M., Perina A., Van Pelt H. & González-Tizón, A.M. (2014) Species delimitation and DNA barcoding of Atlantic <i>Ensis</i> (Bivalvia, Pharidae). <i>Zoologica Scripta</i> 43(2): 161–171. [Published online 3 September 2013; Code-compliant paper version published March 2014], available online at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/zsc.12038/abstract [details]   

additional source Vierna, J.; Jensen, K. T.; González-Tizón, A. M.; Martínez-Lage, A. (2012). Population genetic analysis of <i>Ensis directus</i> unveils high genetic variation in the introduced range and reveals a new species from the NW Atlantic. <em>Marine Biology.</em> 159(10): 2209–2227. [Published online 31 July 2012; Code-compliant version published in October 2012]. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Biology The unclosed side is turned up when burrowed into the substrate, mostly sand or muddy sand, in which it forms a hole. Goes up and down into the substrate with a respectable speed (disappears into sand within 15 seconds). [details]

Distribution A recent immigrant from America, this species is now very common along the European coasts. First discovered on German North Sea Coasts in 1979, it had reached NE Denmark and the Dutch Wadden Sea by 1982, and NE France by 1991. [details]

Habitat In sand or muddy sand. [details]

Morphology Whitish-grey mollusc with brown drawings. Length six times as wide, slightly curved, and can attain at least 20 cm long. Both tips equally wide.With many growing bands and a scaly surface. As with all Ensis spp. one side is never completely closed. [details]
LanguageName 
English American jack knife clam  [details]