This article aims to introduce relevant case studies from the EUROSION and CoPraNet projects. These case studies demonstrate the application of coastal zone management in practice and examine the intricacies of various coastal problems and solutions in different regions.
European case studies
The following case studies originate from the detailed searchable index of European case studies which can be found at Coastalguide Case Studies and Projects. Follow the links below for detailed case studies. The first few lines of each description are provided.
|Assessment of community responses and reactions to serious coastal erosion and flooding in January, 2005, Aberdeen (CoPraNet).
- A hurricane-level storm struck the west coast of the Outer Hebrides in January 2005. Serious coastal damage and loss of life occurred as a consequence of flooding and erosion. Various community, local authority and government agency responses occurred quickly. In September 2006, a series of structural interviews were made to assess how these responses had developed and what actions had been put in place. Three groups were recognized: local inhabitants; professional agencies; and local council officials.
|Hyllingebjerg – Liseleje (Denmark) (EUROSION).
- Structural erosion on North Zealand coastline caused by net sediment transport gradient in combination with human interference, and erosion threatens existing summer cottages and beaches. Project is to protect cottages in environmentally friendsly and visually acceptable way. Breakwaters and beach nourishment used.
|Western Coast of Jutland (Denmark) (EUROSION).
- The western coast of Jutland belongs to the highly exposed North Sea coast and it is a shoreline of adjustment controlled by promontories, with embayments protected by offshore bars. Many small villages are located on the western coastal strip. Furthermore, the area has a considerable recreational and environmental function. The risk is considered to be high. Since 1982, engineering solutions have changed from a hard to a soft approach, like beach nourishment. Detached breakwaters are still used...
|Køge Bay (Denmark) (EUROSION).
- The beach park in the Køge Bay, south of Copenhagen, is an artificial landscape created in one of northern Europe’s largest land reclamation projects. The construction of the Beach Park was started in 1977 and it is actually an expansion of natural barrier islands formed during the 20th century in the shallow bay of Køge. The main purpose of the Beach Park is to provide fine beaches for the population of the area (recreational function)...
|Mar Menor (Spain) (EUROSION).
- There is no a real, active policy concerning coastal erosion. Regarding the few interventions performed (beach nourishment and construction of groins), the main policy option has been to “Hold the Line”, as promoted by public administration, commonly on a national level. It is important to point out that most of the nourishment performed on the continental shore of the Mar Menor is aimed at the creation of new beaches in a place where there was originally no morphology of sandy beaches. The main goal of these interventions was to try to attract more tourism.
|Danube Delta (Romania) (EUROSION).
- Erosion, as a negative environmental factor in the coastal areas, is one of the crucial issue that DDBR coast faced in the last decades. Coastal defence works covered only 2 % from the DDBR coast which is a natural low sandy beach. These works consist of " hard" structure built in the former political regime protecting the fragile narrow beach at Portita. Consequently, in 2002 DDBRA recognised that coastal erosion was a significant problem and they included in their management plan for 2002-2006 the elaboration of studies aiming at coastal erosion processes understanding and control.
|Rehabilitation of the Leirosa Sand Dunes, Portugal (CoPraNet).
- The implantation of a submarine outfall pipe in 1995 for the cellulose pulp and paper companies Celbi and Soporcel, lead to some changes in the Leirosa sand dunes system. The use of hard machinery and the nearby presence of a breakwater increased the lasting problems of erosion in this coastal ecosystem. Sand accretion was the first step to the reconstruction of the Leirosa dunes (which started in 2000). After that, to stabilize the sand, revegetation was carried out with transplants of the grass Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link, the most appropriate plant species used in these situations...
US case studies
The website – of the Ecosystem-Based Management Tools Network can be searched for case studies related to ecosystem-based management in the US.
Language-specific case studies
Danish case studies can be found on Kystdirektoratet, the Danish Coastal Authority (in Danish).
Links to case studies in Coastal Wiki
- - a collection of case studies featured in the coastal wiki and other links
Case studies on the web
Links to databases or further information on coastal case studies.
- Coastalguide Case Studies and Projects
- EBM Case Studies - Ecosystem-Based Management Tools Network