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In this article summaries are given of topics related to Theme 8 which call for further attention of the (European) Coastal community. Many more contributions and ideas are welcomed.


Coastal interventions and Natura 2000 areas

Beaches to be protected belong sometimes to, or are often close to, designated Natura 200 sites or to other ecologically sensitive areas. That might lead to conflicting interests. In the design phase of a coastal engineering intervention project (including the choice of the materials to be applied) Habitats and Birds Directives and other regulations must then be considered as an important set of requirements, apart from the ‘usual’ requirements like functionality and cost-effectiveness. The content of the Management Plan for a Natura 2000 area is crucial how ‘conflicting’ the various interests will become in future. A close co-operation between Management Plan developers and Coastal Zone Managers and coastal engineers is required to end up with realistic Plans. In order to avoid as much as possible that developments occur in various directions throughout the Member states, a European wide co-operation is proposed. Best practices are to be identified in this challenging topic; clear dissemination is foreseen of lessons learned across Europe.

Jan van de Graaff has written this contrubution.

How to manage coastal protection measures which have lost their intended function and obsolete structures

Coastal structures are intended to serve specific aims (e.g. to stop coastal erosion or to protect buildings and infrastructure built close to the sea along a coast). Because of deterioration, changing conditions (e.g. sea level rise and climate change) and sometimes because of an apparent failed design in the past, many shore protection measures and structures do exist in various European countries that failed to fulfil their intended functions. A Generic Design Scheme must be developed for this type of (coastal protection) structures. With the help of such a Design Scheme a responsible Coastal Zone Manager is guided to find a fair ultimate decision to manage the structures further. (Either repairing, improving and adaptation or removing.) Because this issue is important in many European countries, a mutual and co-ordinated approach is recommended. A Generic Design Scheme can also be used if a new project has to be designed.

Jan van de Graaff has written this contribution.

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The main author of this article is Jan van de Graaff
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.