Marine Biotechnology in Germany

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UPDATED July 2015

Overarching science strategies, plans and policies

There are no specific Marine Biotechnology strategies, plans or policies in Germany (yet). Up to now, marine biotechnology is supported as part of more overarching bio-economy and marine/maritime research strategies as described in different documents, including At the federal level:

  • Federal Government adopted the “National Research Strategy BioEconomy 2030 – Our Route towards a Biobased Economy"(BMBF)[1] and the “National Policy Strategy BioEconomy” (BMEL).[2]
  • High-Tech-Strategy 2020 for Germany from German Federal Government[3]
  • Technology Campaign (Innovationsstrategie) of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi)[4]
  • Nationaler Masterplan Maritime Technologien (NMMT)[5]
  • “Biotechnologie 2020+ -Next Generation of Biotechnological Processes“ [6]
  • Strategy of the German Agricultural Research Alliance (dafa - Deutsche Agrarforschungsallianz)[7]
  • Framework Program Research for Sustainable Development (FONA), a program of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) with strategic alignment.[8]

At the regional level:

  • “Sea or Future” initiative of state Schleswig-Holstein[9]
  • A specific and regional development strategy Masterplan Marine Biotechnology Schleswig-Holstein has been developed in 2012, followed by an implementation plan in 2013.

Research funding schemes and programmes

Marine Biotechnology research activities may be supported under various programmes including:

  • National Research Strategy BioEconomy 2030, a program of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)[10]
  • Health Research/Health Economy Framework Program, a program of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)[11]
  • Next-Generation Maritime Technologies a programme of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi) [12]
  • Framework Programme Biotechnology a programme of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) [13]
  • Framework Programme Research for Sustainable Development (FONA) a programme of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) managed by Julich (PJT)[14]
  • Innovationsinitiative industrielle Biotechnologie a programme of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) [15]
  • Basistechnologien für eine nächste Generation biotechnologischer Verfahren a programme of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) [16]
  • e:Bio – Innovationswettbewerb Systembiologie a programme of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) [17]
  • Renewable Energy a programme of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) as part of the Federal Government's 6th Energy Research Programme [18]
  • Marine Research a programme of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) [19]
  • Polar Research a programme of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) [20]
  • Research for Sustainable Development a programme of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) [21]
  • “BioRegio-Wettbewerb” (1997 bis 2005)[22]
  • "BioFuture" (Start 1998)[23]
  • “KMU-innovativ: Biotechnologie – BioChance“[24]
  • BioChancePLUS (2006-2011)[25]
  • "Biotechnologie - Chancen nutzen und gestalten" (2001-2010)[26]
  • "GO-Bio" im Rahmenprogramm "Biotechnologie - Chancen nutzen und gestalten"[27]

Private funding mechanisms

  • Volkswagen Foundation [28]
  • Fritz Thyssen Stiftung [29]

Research priorities for marine biotechnology research

  • Aquaculture
  • Bio-based industries
  • Industrial biotechnology
  • Human health

Strategic documents (on regional level)

  • Masterplan Marine Biotechnology Schleswig-Holstein – a regional development strategy[30]
  • Marine Biotechnologie in Schleswig-Holstein - Implementation plan (Umsetzungskonzept)[31]
  • Nationaler Maritimer Masterplan[32]

Infrastructures and coordination and support capacities / initiatives

  • In 2015, Germany operates with a well-resourced fleet of 33 research vessels, registered in the European Research Vessel InfoBase[33]
  • 6 global operating research vessels (Merian, Meteor ,Planet, Polarstern, Sonne, Sonne II; length 73 - 118 m)
  • 4 oceanic, 9 regional and 13 local/costal operating research vessels (length 12,50- 64,50 m)
  • Further there are 3 autonomous underwater vehicles (3000-6000 depth), 4 remote operated vehicles, 1 manned submersible, and 1 towed camera system in the database for European Large Exchangeable Equipments registered.[34]
  • Key aquaculture experimental and research facilities in Germany include
  • Leibniz Center for Tropical marine Ecology (MAREE)[35]
  • Fraunhofer Research Institution for Marine Biotechnology (Fh-EMB)[36]
  • Gesellschaft für Marine Aquakultur mbH (GMA)[37]
  • BIO Deutschland: BIO Deutschland has set itself the objective of supporting and promoting the development of an innovative economic sector based on modern biosciences[38].
  • Life Science Nord Management GmbH: Life Science Nord Management GmbH is the project and service company of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein that supports life science activities in North Germany[39].
  • BioCon Valley: BioCon Valley is the initiative for Life Science and health economy of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany[40].
  • Fraunhofer Research Institution for Marine Biotechnology: This Fraunhofer institution EMB in Lübeck is the first one especially for Marine Biotechnology within the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.[41].
  • Cyro-Brehm: The „German cell bank for wildlife“ is a biomaterial bank specialized on the archival cryogenic storage of propagatable cell cultures from wildlife[42].
  • GEOMAR I Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel: GEOMAR is one of the world’s leading institutes in the field of marine sciences[43].
  • Institute of Marine Biotechnology e.V. IMaB: The IMaB is dedicated to support research and development in the field of marine biotechnology.[44].

Companies related to Marine Biotechnology

  • Large Scale Industry: BASF, Evonik, Beiersdorf, Henkel, SternEnzym, Merck, AB Enzym, Symrise, Deutsche See,...
  • SME: C-Lecta, Analyticon Discovery, B.R.A.I.N., Subitec, evocatal, BlueBioTech, Sea & Sun Technology,...

Major initiatives

  • Cluster of Excellence "The Future Ocean" [45]

Major observations, trends and future prospects

In Germany there is a strong focus on Biotechnology, but very little is exclusively targeting marine biotechnology. This may change with the first specific regional development strategy for Marine Biotechnology: the Masterplan Marine Biotechnology Schleswig-Holstein (Nov 2012).

References

  1. http://www.bmbf.de/pub/bioeconomy_2030.pdf
  2. http://www.google.de/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCYQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bmel.de%2FSharedDocs%2FDownloads%2FEN%2FPublications%2FNatPolicyStrategyBioeconomy.pdf%3F__blob%3DpublicationFile&ei=64NkVbviA-Wy7QbAzIGwBg&usg=AFQjCNEP7QceMh4E5SH91ikPpx30CJXyEA
  3. http://www.hightech-strategie.de/en/index.php
  4. http://www.bmwi.de/English/Navigation/Service/publications,did=388738.html
  5. http://www.nmmt.de/
  6. http://www.biotechnologie2020plus.de/BIO2020/Navigation/DE/Vision/strategieprozess.html
  7. http://www.dafa.de/fileadmin/dam_uploads/images/Fachforen/FF_Aquakultur/DAFA-FF%20Aquakultur%20eng%20A4%20red.pdf
  8. http://www.fona.de/
  9. http://www.schleswig-holstein.de/MWAVT/DE/Technologie/LandesinitiativeZukunftMeer/Ziele/Ziele_node.html
  10. https://www.ptj.de/bioeconomy
  11. https://www.ptj.de/bioeconomy
  12. https://www.ptj.de/health-research
  13. http://www.ptj.de/index.php?index=588
  14. http://www.fona.de
  15. http://www.ptj.de/innovationsinibio
  16. http://www.ptj.de/biobasis
  17. http://www.ptj.de/e-bio
  18. http://www.ptj.de/index.php?index=636
  19. http://www.ptj.de/index.php?index=626
  20. http://www.ptj.de/index.php?index=627
  21. http://www.ptj.de/index.php?index=633
  22. http://www.itas.fzk.de/tatup/051/dohs05a.htm
  23. http://www.ptj.de/biofuture/
  24. http://www.bmbf.de/foerderungen/10759.php
  25. http://www.ptj.de/lw_resource/datapool/_items/item_2673/biochanceplusbekanntmachung2006.pdf
  26. http://www.bmbf.de/foerderungen/12715.php
  27. http://www.bmbf.de/foerderungen/12715.php
  28. http://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/index.html?L=1
  29. http://www.fritz-thyssen-stiftung.de/home/?no_cache=1&L=1&cHash=117adf62f5979fb5992654769d2e7644
  30. http://www.lifesciencenord.de/fileadmin/norgenta/pdf/Sonstige/Masterplan_Marine_Biotechnologie_PDF_Version_mit_Submariner_2013-05-02_1_.pdf
  31. http://www.lifesciencenord.de/fileadmin/norgenta/pdf/Sonstige/Umsetzungskonzept_Masterplan_Marine_Biotechnologie.pdf
  32. http://www.bmwi.de/BMWi/Redaktion/PDF/Publikationen/nationaler-masterplan-maritime-technologien,property=pdf,bereich=bmwi,sprache=de,rwb=true.pdf
  33. http://www.rvinfobase.eurocean.org/index.jsp
  34. http://www.lexiinfobase.eurocean.org/
  35. http://www.zmt-bremen.de
  36. http://www.emb.fraunhofer.de/en.html
  37. http://www.gma-buesum.de/index.php?contentID=1
  38. http://www.biodeutschland.org/
  39. http://www.lifesciencenord.de/ueber-uns/clustermanagement/
  40. http://www.ls.bcv.org/hosting/bcv/website_en.nsf/urlnames/bcv_index_EN?OpenDocument&mnu=bcv_index&submnu=
  41. http://www.emb.fraunhofer.de/en.html
  42. http://www.emb.fraunhofer.de/en/Uebersichtsindex/cellbank_cryo-brehm.html
  43. http://www.geomar.de/en/
  44. http://www.marine-biotechnologie.de/marine/
  45. http://www.futureocean.org/en/index.php

Disclaimer

This draft country profile is based on available online information sources and contributions from various country experts and stakeholders. It does not aim nor claim to be complete or final, but should be considered as a dynamic and living information resource that will be elaborated, updated and improved as more information becomes available, including further inputs from experts and stakeholders.

The information on this page is based on information initially compiled by the European Marine Board as part of the CSA MarineBiotech Project activities (2011-2013).