Maritime Traffic

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Risks for biodiversity

Risks derived from maritime traffic on marine biodiversity include the following:

  • Noise pollution from ship movement
  • Discarded ships
  • Ship groundings
  • Toxical anti-fouling paints
  • Collision with marine mammals
  • Oil spills and flushing
  • Vessel carbon emissions
  • Engine emissions from vessels
  • Effects of sewage, solid waste and garbage discharge
  • Ingestion of plastic bags and others by marine vertebrates
  • Species introduction via marine vessels
  • Disturbances caused by ports and harbours construction works


The main author of this article is Smolarz, Katarzyna
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.