Millenium Ecosystem Assessment (2001 to 2005)

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The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment was launched in 2001 by the UN Secretary General Kofi Annan as a work programme for the assessment of the consequences of ecosystem changes for human well-being.

From 2001 to 2005, the MA involved the work of more than 1,360 experts worldwide. Their findings provide a state-of-the-art scientific appraisal of the condition and trends in the world’s ecosystems and the services they provide, as well as the scientific basis for action to conserve and use them sustainably. Climate change was considered in this assessment, as were coastal and marine areas.

In this assessment, four plausible scenarios were developed to explore the future of ecosystems and human well-being. The different scenarios are based on either increased globalization or increased regionalization, and an either reactive or proactive way of addressing ecosystem problems.

According to the scenarios, the indirect and direct drivers that will affect ecosystems over the next 50 years will be mostly the same ones as today. However, the relative importance of different drivers will change. Climate change and high nutrient levels in water will become increasing problems, whereas population growth will become relatively less important.


The Millenium Ecosystem Assessment reports are located upon and downloadable from maweb
The main author of this article is Magdalena Muir
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.

Citation: Magdalena Muir (2007): Millenium Ecosystem Assessment (2001 to 2005). Available from [accessed on 18-06-2018]