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NIS SE: GEANS NIS pilot - 2020 DNA-based benthic and planktonic species monitoring by Seanalytics
Citation
Sundberg P, Axberg A, Daragmeh N, Panova M, Obst M (2022) Genomics-based methods in environmental monitoring - Identification and detection of alien invasive species based on DNA. Report to the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management (SwAM / HaV). Report nr 2022:01. SeAnalytics AB.
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Availability: Unrestricted after moratorium period
Data are initially restricted, but the access condition relaxes to academic or unrestricted once a specified period of time after an event (such as collection, publication, completion of QC procedures or project cessation) has elapsed

Notes: until publication

Description
The University of Gothenburg has, on behalf of the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management and in collaboration with SeAnalytics AB, carried out two pilot studies to investigate whether plankton samples and settling panels in combination with DNA-based species identification is an effective method for early detection and continuous monitoring of non-indigenous species (NIS). The surveys were conducted during the winter, spring and summer of 2020 at various locations along the Swedish west coast, from the fjord Brofjorden in the north to Helsingborg in the south. The sites were chosen based on previous modelling (Bergkvist et al. 2020a) of introduction hotspots for alien species. more

The settling panel study followed the protocols for monitoring of hard bottom organisms as set up in the international ARMS (Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structures) project (Leray & Knowlton, 2015; Obst et al. 2020). A total of 16 ARMS settling panels were deployed during the winter and spring months and were submerged between 3–4 months before taken up for further processing and analysis. Plankton samples were taken from six of these sites, on three different occasions, and two samples from each site / each occasion. DNA was extracted from the settling panels and plankton and metabarcoding libraries prepared for three molecular markers (COI, 18S, ITS), together with positive and negative controls, altogether 284 libraries. Thirty-four NIS were recorded, of which fourteen are classified as invasive alien species (IAS) nationally and on the list of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern. The remaining 20 NIS are listed on the Aqua-NIS list and need to be further investigated for their alien and invasive status in the country. The tested methods perform well both for early detection of unknown NIS as well as for regular monitoring of already known NIS. The chosen markers COI and 18S performed well, while ITS did not produce sufficient species observations and can be omitted as a marker gene.

Scope
Themes:
Biology, Biology > Benthos, Biology > Ecology - biodiversity, Biology > Plankton
Keywords:
Marine/Coastal, Brackish water, ANE, Sweden, Animalia, Plantae

Geographical coverage
ANE, Sweden [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
2020

Taxonomic coverage
Animalia [WoRMS]
Plantae [WoRMS]

Contributors
SeAnalytics, moredata provider
University of Gothenburg, more

Related datasets
Parent dataset:
GEANS Data: Genetic tools for Ecosystem health Assessment in the North Sea region, more

Project
GEANS: Genetic Tools for Ecosystem Health Assessment in the North Sea Region, more


Dataset status: In Progress
Data type: Data
Data origin: Research: field survey
Metadatarecord created: 2021-03-25
Information last updated: 2022-04-13
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