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Vertical distribution of early and competent larvae of Concholepas concholepas in two systems of Chilean inland seas
Molinet, C.; Niklitschek, E.; Moreno, C.A.; Arévalo, A. (2008). Vertical distribution of early and competent larvae of Concholepas concholepas in two systems of Chilean inland seas. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 153(5): 779-787.
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162; e-ISSN 1432-1793, more
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  • Molinet, C.
  • Niklitschek, E.
  • Moreno, C.A.
  • Arévalo, A.

    The transport of marine invertebrate larvae is strongly influenced by their distribution in the water column, which could be affected by the biological features of the larvae and environmental variables. Larvae can modify their swimming behavior throughout their planktonic cycle, thereby changing the observed distributional patterns. This ability, coupled with oceanographic features, could induce landward or seaward transport. We studied the vertical distribution of C. concholepas larval stages in two differently stratified systems in Chilean inland seas; Refugio Channel (a strongly stratified channel, where previously has been described as a frontal system) and Guaitecas (a gently stratified system). Combinations of 12–24 h larval collection experiments were done simultaneously with fixed temperature and salinity profiles; meteorological data were also obtained. The results suggest that both salinity and day period influence the C. concholepas distributional patterns in the water column. Early veliger and competent larvae are concentrated in different parts of the water column, probably related to their transport capacities. The upper layer of the water column at the Refugio site, unlike the Guaitecas site, showed a stratified regime, which could affect larval density and larval length between the two sites. Finally, our results suggest that Refugio may be a sink habitat for C. concholepas.

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