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Peak growing season gross uptake of carbon in North America is largest in the Midwest USA
Hilton, T.W.; Whelan, M.E.; Zumkehr, A.; Kulkarni, S.; Berry, J.A.; Baker, I.T.; Montzka, S.A.; Sweeney, C.; Miller, B.R.; Campbell, E. (2017). Peak growing season gross uptake of carbon in North America is largest in the Midwest USA. Nat. Clim. Chang. 7(6): 450-454.
In: Nature Climate Change. Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 1758-678X; e-ISSN 1758-6798, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Hilton, T.W.
  • Whelan, M.E.
  • Zumkehr, A.
  • Kulkarni, S.
  • Berry, J.A.
  • Baker, I.T.
  • Montzka, S.A.
  • Sweeney, C.
  • Miller, B.R.
  • Campbell, E.

    Gross primary production (GPP) is a first-order uncertainty in climate predictions. Large-scale CO2 observations can provide information about the carbon cycle, but are not directly useful for GPP. Recently carbonyl sulfide (COS or OCS) has been proposed as a potential tracer for regional and global GPP. Here we present the first regional assessment of GPP using COS. We focus on the North American growing season—a global hotspot for COS air-monitoring and GPP uncertainty. Regional variability in simulated vertical COS concentration gradients was driven by variation in GPP rather than other modelled COS sources and sinks. Consequently we are able to show that growing season GPP in the Midwest USA significantly exceeds that of any other region of North America. These results are inconsistent with some ecosystem models, but are supportive of new ecosystem models from CMIP6. This approach provides valuable insight into the accuracy of various ecosystem land models.

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