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Maturation of the gonads and reproductive tracts of the Thornback ray Raja clavata, with comments on the development of a standardized reproductive terminology for oviparous elasmobranchs
Serra-Pereira, B.; Figueiredo, I.; Gordo, L.S. (2011). Maturation of the gonads and reproductive tracts of the Thornback ray Raja clavata, with comments on the development of a standardized reproductive terminology for oviparous elasmobranchs. Marine and Coastal Fisheries 3(1): 160-175. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/19425120.2011.555707
In: Marine and Coastal Fisheries. Taylor and Francis: Philadelphia. ISSN 1942-5120, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Serra-Pereira, B.
  • Figueiredo, I.
  • Gordo, L.S.

Abstract
    There is a need for a unified terminology to describe reproductive phase assignment across fish taxa, regardless of the reproductive strategy involved. Reproductive terminology already adopted for teleosts has been applied to oviparous elasmobranchs of both sexes. A historical review of the terminologies used by previous authors and how these correspond to the new terminology is presented. Five reproductive phases are considered: immature, developing, spawning capable (which includes an actively spawning subphase), regressing, and regenerating. By using an oviparous elasmobranch, the thornback ray Raja clavata, as an example, the different phases are described based on both macroscopic and microscopic features of the reproductive tract, including the ovaries, oviducal glands, and uterus in females and the testes, claspers, and sperm ducts in males. The regressing phase was observed in females, but the regenerating phase was not; neither of these two phases was observed in males. Records from other species suggest that all five reproductive phases can be found in oviparous elasmobranchs, depending on the reproductive strategy of the species.

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