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Dispersal of invasive species by drifting
Van Riel, M.C.; Van der Velde, G.; De Vaate, A.B. (2011). Dispersal of invasive species by drifting. Curr. Zool. 57(6): 818-827. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/czoolo/57.6.818
In: Current Zoology. Editorial Office, Current Zoology: Beijing. ISSN 1674-5507; e-ISSN 2396-9814, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Colonization
    Drift
    Temporal variations > Periodic variations > Seasonal variations
    Amphipoda [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Amphipods; Invaders; Daily rhythms

Authors  Top 
  • Van Riel, M.C.
  • Van der Velde, G.
  • De Vaate, A.B.

Abstract
    Drifting can be an effective way for aquatic organisms to disperse and colonise new areas. Increasing connectivity between European large rivers facilitates invasion by drifting aquatic macroinvertebrates. The present study shows that high abundances of invasive species drift in the headstream of the river Rhine. Dikerogammarus villosus and Chelicorophium curvispinum represented up to 90% of the total of drifting macroinvertebrates. Drift activity shows seasonal and diel patterns. Most species started drifting in spring and were most abundant in the water column during the summer period. Drift activity was very low during the winter period. Diel patterns were apparent; most species, including D. villosus, drifted during the night. Drifting macroinvertebrates colonised stony substrate directly from the water column. D. villosus generally colonised the substrate at night, while higher numbers of C. curvispinum colonised the substrate during the day. It is very likely that drifting functions as a dispersal mechanism for crustacean invaders. Once waterways are connected, these species are no longer necessarily dependent on dispersal vectors other than drift for extending their distribution range.

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