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Antitumour and antiangiogenic effects of Aplidin® in the 5TMM syngeneic models of multiple myeloma
Caers, J.; Menu, E.; De Raeve, H.; Lepage, D.; Van Valckenborgh, E.; Van Camp, B.; Alvarez, E.; Vanderkerken, K. (2008). Antitumour and antiangiogenic effects of Aplidin® in the 5TMM syngeneic models of multiple myeloma. British Journal of Cancer 98(12): 1966-1974. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1038/sj.bjc.6604388
In: British Journal of Cancer. Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 0007-0920; e-ISSN 1532-1827, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    multiple myeloma; Aplidin; murine models

Authors  Top 
  • Caers, J.
  • Menu, E.
  • De Raeve, H.
  • Lepage, D.
  • Van Valckenborgh, E.
  • Van Camp, B.
  • Alvarez, E.
  • Vanderkerken, K.

Abstract
    Aplidin® is an antitumour drug, currently undergoing phase II evaluation in different haematological and solid tumours. In this study, we analysed the antimyeloma effects of Aplidin in the syngeneic 5T33MM model, which is representable for the human disease. In vitro, Aplidin inhibited 5T33MMvv DNA synthesis with an IC50 of 3.87 nM. On cell-cycle progression, the drug induced an arrest in transition from G0/G1 to S phase, while Western blot showed a decreased cyclin D1 and CDK4 expression. Furthermore, Aplidin induced apoptosis by lowering the mitochondrial membrane potential, by inducing cytochrome c release and by activating caspase-9 and caspase-3. For the in vivo experiment, 5T33MM-injected C57Bl/KaLwRij mice were intraperitoneally treated with vehicle or Aplidin (90 μg kg−1 daily). Chronic treatment with Aplidin was well tolerated and reduced serum paraprotein concentration by 42% (P<0.001), while BM invasion with myeloma cells was decreased by 35% (P<0.001). Aplidin also reduced the myeloma-associated angiogenesis to basal values. This antiangiogenic effect was confirmed in vitro and explained by inhibition of endothelial cell proliferation and vessel formation. These data indicate that Aplidin is well tolerated in vivo and its antitumour and antiangiogenic effects support the use of the drug in multiple myeloma.

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