|Cryoprotectants synergy improve zebrafish sperm cryopreservation and offspring skeletogenesis|Diogo, P.; Martins, G.; Nogueira, R.; Marreiros, A.; Gavaia, P.J.; Cabrita, E. (2019). Cryoprotectants synergy improve zebrafish sperm cryopreservation and offspring skeletogenesis. Cryobiology 91: 115-127. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cryobiol.2019.10.001
In: Cryobiology. Academic Press: San Diego. ISSN 0011-2240; e-ISSN 1090-2392, meer
Cryopreservation; Zebrafish sperm; Offspring; Skeletal malformations; Decision trees; Cryoprotectants
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- Diogo, P.
- Martins, G.
- Nogueira, R.
- Marreiros, A.
- Gavaia, P.J.
- Cabrita, E.
The synergy obtained by the combination of cryoprotectants is a successful strategy that can be beneficial on the optimization of zebrafish sperm cryopreservation. Recently, a protocol was established for this species using an electric ultrafreezer (−150 °C) performing cooling rate (−66 °C/min) and storage within one step. The ultimate objective of sperm cryopreservation is to generate healthy offspring. Therefore, the objective of this study was to select the most adequate cryoprotectant combination, for the previously established protocol, that generate high quality offspring with normal skeletogenesis. Among the permeating cryoprotectant concentrations studied 12.5% and 15% of N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) yielded high post-thaw sperm quality and hatching rates. For these two concentrations, the presence of bovine serum albumin (10 mg/mL), egg yolk (10%), glycine (30 mM) and bicine (50 mM) was evaluated for post-thaw sperm motility, viability, in vitro fertilization success and offspring skeletal development (30 days post fertilization). Higher concentration of permeating cryoprotectant (15%) decreased the incidence of deformed arches and severe skeletal malformations, which suggests higher capacity to protect the cell against cold stress and DNA damage. Extender containing 15% DMF with Ctrl, Bicine and egg yolk were the non-permeating cryoprotectants with higher post-thaw quality. The use of these compounds results in a reduction in vertebral fusions, compressions and severity of skeletal malformations in the offspring. Therefore, these extender compositions are beneficial for the quality of zebrafish offspring sired by cryopreserved sperm with −66 °C/min freezing rate. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on skeletal development of the offspring sired by cryopreserved sperm performed with different freezing media compositions in zebrafish.