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The biology and ecology of the banana prawns: Penaeus merguiensis de Man and P. indicus H. Milne Edwards
Vance, D.J.; Rothlisberg, P.C. (2020). The biology and ecology of the banana prawns: Penaeus merguiensis de Man and P. indicus H. Milne Edwards, in: Sheppard, C. (Ed.) Adv. Mar. Biol. 86. Advances in Marine Biology, 86(1): pp. 1-139. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/bs.amb.2020.04.001
In: Sheppard, C. (Ed.) (2020). Adv. Mar. Biol. 86. Advances in Marine Biology, 86(1). Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-822478-6. 169 pp., more
In: Advances in Marine Biology. Academic Press: London, New York. ISSN 0065-2881; e-ISSN 2162-5875, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Penaeus indicus H. Milne Edwards, 1837 [WoRMS]; Penaeus merguiensis De Man, 1888 [WoRMS]
    Marine/Coastal
Author keywords
    Life history; Fisheries; Aquaculture; Mangroves; Environment; Ecosystem; Taxonomy; Growth and mortality; Feeding; Predation

Authors  Top 
  • Vance, D.J.
  • Rothlisberg, P.C.

Abstract
    The two banana prawns Penaeus merguiensis and P. indicus are arguably the most commercially important species of penaeid prawns in the tropical and sub-tropical Indo-West Pacific region. They are fecund, short-lived, and have a complex life history involving offshore spawning, inshore mangrove-lined nursery grounds, and migrations between the two locations. We have reviewed and assessed published research on: the fisheries and aquaculture; taxonomy and identification; distribution and habitat preferences; growth; mortality; food and feeding; predation, and the importance of the mangrove habitat to banana prawns. We have examined the life history patterns of these two banana prawns and the many environmental and biological factors that affect different life history stages, often resulting in large interannual variations in abundances of adult prawns and commercial catches. We have also reviewed research on the ecosystem relationships involving these prawns, including fishery impacts on the environment and other species caught as bycatch. In reviewing the published information on factors affecting recruitment dynamics and variability, we have sometimes found contrasting and confounding results, suggesting that these factors are not yet fully understood. Therefore, for each aspect of the prawns' biology we have pointed to areas with incomplete or conflicted understanding, which will hopefully guide future research on these extremely valuable prawn species.

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