NARMS source details

Carmona L., Pola M., Gosliner T.M. & Cervera J.L. 2013. A tale that morphology fails to tell: A molecular phylogeny of Aeolidiidae (Aeolidida, Nudibranchia, Gastropoda). PLoS ONE 8(5): e63000. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063000
Aeolidida is one of the largest clades of nudibranchs with at least 560 known species. However, its systematics has not been studied in a comprehensive manner. Phylogenetic analyses of larger clades such as Nudibranchia or Cladobranchia have usually included a poor sample of aeolids. Furthermore, phylogenetic studies at the family or generic level in Aeolidida are a few and far between. The first molecular phylogeny of the aeolid family Aeolidiidae is presented here. This study, the most comprehensive for Aeolidida to date, uses new sequences of two mitochondrial (COI and 16S) genes and one nuclear gene (H3). 251 specimens from members of seven families of Aeolidida, including 39 species of Aeolidiidae were studied. Excluding Pleurolidia juliae, Aeolidiidae is monophyletic. Our results resolve the systematic relationships within the Aeolidiidae at a generic level, requiring changes in the systematics of this family. Spurilla, Anteaeolidiella, Limenandra and Aeolidia are well-supported and monophyletic clades. Aeolidiella stephanieae is transferred to Berghia and Aeolidiopsis ransoni and Spurilla salaamica to Baeolidia, to maintain the monophyletic lineages reflected in this study. The systematics of Cerberilla remains unclear. Some species earlier attributed to Aeolidiella are now grouped in a previously unnamed clade that we designate as Bulbaeolidia gen. nov.
2013-05-03 14:00:08Z

Aeolidia papillosa (Linnaeus, 1761) (additional source)
Aeolidiella Bergh, 1867 (taxonomy source)
Aeolidiella sanguinea (Norman, 1877) (additional source)
Aeolidiella soemmeringii Bergh, 1882 accepted as Aeolidiella alderi (Cocks, 1852) (source of synonymy)
Aeolidiidae Gray, 1827 (additional source)
Anteaeolidiella lurana (Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1967) (new combination reference)
Baeolidia Bergh, 1888 (additional source)
Berghia columbina (Garcia-Gomez & T. E. Thompson, 1990) (additional source)
Berghia modesta Trinchese, 1882 accepted as Berghia coerulescens (Laurillard, 1832) (source of synonymy)
Berghia rissodominguezi Muniain & Ortea, 1999 (additional source)
Cerberilla bernadettae J. Tardy, 1965 (additional source)
Eolis grossularia P. Fischer, 1869 accepted as Berghia verrucicornis (A. Costa, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Eolis peregrina Delle Chiaje, 1841 accepted as Berghia coerulescens (Laurillard, 1832) (source of synonymy)
Flabellina inornata A. Costa, 1866 accepted as Spurilla neapolitana (Delle Chiaje, 1841) (source of synonymy)
Limenandra Haefelfinger & Stamm, 1958 (additional source)
Limenandra nodosa Haefelfinger & Stamm, 1958 (additional source)
Spurilla Bergh, 1864 (additional source)
Spurilla margaritae Labbé, 1923 accepted as Berghia verrucicornis (A. Costa, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Spurilla neapolitana (Delle Chiaje, 1841) (additional source)
Spurilla sargassicola Bergh, 1871 (additional source)
Spurilla vayssierei Garcia-Gomez & Cervera, 1985 accepted as Spurilla neapolitana (Delle Chiaje, 1841) (source of synonymy)