Herein we provide a taxonomic revision of Phyllodoce species from Brazil, describing 10 new species in addition to two new records, Phyllodoce longipes Kinberg, 1866 and Phyllodoce cf. madeirensis Langerhans, 1880. Phyllodoce sp. A. and Phyllodoce sp. B. are probably new but the number and condition of available specimens do not provide adequate and reliable diagnostic features for a formal description. These species have been collected in diverse marine and estuarine environments from shallow estuarine bottoms to continental shelf and slope sediments and submarine canyons from off southern and southeastern Brazil. A key to the fourteen species of Phyllodoce occurring in Brazil is also given.
South West Atlantic ( =only warm temperate; cold temperate see *SUB)